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Two Women in the Country, (1954)

Willem de Kooning, American, b. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1904–1997

Oil, enamel, and charcoal on canvas, 46 1/8 x 40 3/4 in. (117.1 x 103.5 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.1200

Provenance:
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, by November 1955
Felix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Kantor, Beverly Hills, by June 1957-13 April 1964
Paul Kantor Gallery, Beverly Hills, 13 April 1964
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 13 April 1964-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
MARTHA JACKSON GALLERY, New York. "Recent Oils by Willem de Kooning," 9 November-3 December 1955, no. 4, unpaginated.
MINNEAPOLIS INSTITUTE OF ARTS. "American Paintings 1945-1957," 18 June-1 September 1957, no. 30 (Paul Kantor, lender)
CONTEMPORARY ARTS MUSEUM, Houston. "The Romantic Agony: From Goya to de Kooning," 23 April-31 May 1959, ill. p. 18
PAUL KANTOR GALLERY, Beverly Hills, California. "Willem de Kooning," 3-29 April 1961, ill, unpaginated.
LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART. "Inaugural Loan Exhibition," April-July 1965
FONDATION M. ET A. MAEGHT, St. Paul de Vence, France. "10 Ans d'Art Vivant 1945-1955," 9 April-31 May 1966, cat. no. 87, ill, unpaginated.
STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Amsterdam. "Willem de Kooning," 19 September-17 November 1968, cat. no. 55, ill., unpaginated. MUSEUM OF MODERN ART INTERNATIONAL TOUR: TATE GALLERY, London, 8 December 1968-26 January 1969; MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York, 3 March-27 April 1969, cat. no, 64, ill. p. 98; ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 16 May-6 July 1969; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, 28 July-14 September 1969.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, plate no. 727, p. 496, pp. 681-82
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "The Golden Door: Artist-Immigrants of America 1876-1976," 20 May-20 October 1976, cat. no. 111, ill. p. 258.
MUSEUM OF ART, CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh. "Willem de Kooning: Pittsburgh International Series," 26 October 1979-6 January 1980, no. 23.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Willem de Kooning: Drawings, Paintings, Sculpture," 15 December 1983-26 February 1984, cat. no. 197, ill. p. 184. TOUR: AKADEMIE DER KUNSTE, Berlin, 11 March-29 April 1984; MUSEE NATIONAL D'ART MODERNE, CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, Paris, 28 June-24 September 1984, ill. p. 104.
STEDELJIK MUSEUM, Amsterdam. "Painting after 1945," December 1984-April 1985.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC. "Willem de Kooning: Paintings," 8 May 1994-5 September 1994.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection," 21 October 1993-9 January 1994, cat. no. 14, p. 201, 216, colorplate 14, p. 77. TOUR: FUNDACIO "LA CAIXA," CENTRE CULTURAL, Barcelona, Spain, 17 February-3 April 1994; HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, Georgia, 13 September-27 November 1994; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 10 December 1994-19 February 1995; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, Texas, 19 March-28 May 1995.
ZEITGEIST GELLESCHAFT, Berlin. "The Age of Modernism--Art in the 20th Century." MARTIN-GROPIUS-BAU, Berlin, 7 May-27 July 1997.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM FOUNDATION, New York. "Between Art and Life: From Abstract Expressionism to Pop Art." TOUR: CENTRO CULTURAL FUNDACIO "LA CAIXA," Barcelona, 28 January-28 March 1999; SCHIRN KUNSTHALLE, Frankfurt, Germany, 21 April-4 July, ill. p. 59.
KUNSTFORUM WIEN, Austria. "Willem DeKooning: Retrospective," 13 January-28 March 2005.
SMITHSONIAN AMERICAN ART MUSEUM, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Grand re-opening exhibition, 1 July 2006-4 July 2007.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Masterworks from the Hirshhorn Collection," 9 June 2016-6 August 2017, no cat.

Published References:
PORTER, FAIRFIELD. "Reviews and Previews: Willem de Kooning," Art News 54 (November 1955): p. 48, colorplate.
ASHTON, DORE. "Art," Arts and Architecture 72 (December 1955): p. 34
ROSENBERG, HAROLD. "Tenth Street: A Geography of Modern Art," Art News Annual 28 (1959): p. 139, colorplate.
MUNRO, ELEANOR C. "Twentieth Century," Golden Encyclopedia of Art (New York: Golden, 1961): p. 258, colorplate
HUNTER, SAM. La Pittura americana del dopoguerra (Milan: Fratelli Fabbri, 1967): colorplate 11
HUNTER, SAM. "Action Painting: La generazione eroica," L'Arte Moderna 13 (1967): p. 47, colorplate
LICHTBLAU, CHARLOTTE. "Willem de Kooning and Barnett Newman," Arts Magazine (March 1969): ill, p. 29
DRUDI, GABRIELLA. Willem de Kooning (Milan: Fratelli Fabbri, 1972): colorplate 91
ROSENBERG, HAROLD. Willem de Kooning (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974): ill. plate 120
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974): p. 681, fig. 727 (colorplate)
LERNER, ABRAM. An Introduction to the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974): colorplate no. 13
GARSON, INEZ. Willem de Kooning in the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Scala, 1974): no. 8
BENDER, TODD, et al. Modernism in Literature (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1977): ill.
WALDMAN, DIANE. Willem de Kooning in East Hampton (New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1978): pp. 21-22, ill. p. 22
MEEWIS, WIM. Iconologie van de Action Painting (Brussels: Paleis der Academien, 1983): ill.
UNSIGNED. "De Kooning arrive par les 'femmes,'" Le Point (25 June 1984): ill.
UNSIGNED. "Le geste du peintre," Les Nouvelles (28 June 1984): ill.
UNSIGNED. "De Kooning," Galeries des Arts no. 224 (July/August 1984): ill.
BAYON, DAMIAN. "de Kooning, perturbador involuntario," El Pais (18 August 1984): ill.
MICHA, RENE. "Willem de Kooning," Art International 27 (September-November 1984): p. 51, ill.
PRADEL, JEAN-LOUIS. World Art Trends 1983/84 (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1984): p. 149, ill. (Note: review of retrospective at Whitney Museum of American Art, 1983-84.)
ROSENFELD, LUCY DAVIDSON. What's in a Painting? (Portland, Maine: J. Weston Walch, 1986): section 6, p. 51, plate 65
HOBHOUSE, JANET. The Bride Stripped Bare: The Artist and the Nude in the Twentieth Century (London: Jonathan Cape, 1987): no. 217, ill.
WALDMAN, DIANE. Willem de Kooning (New York: Harry N. Abrams with the National Museum of American Art, 1988): no. 87
GIBSON, ERIC. " De Kooning exhibit offers unexpected insights," Metropolitan Times (8 November 1993): C17.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning: from the Hirshhorn Collection," American Art Review 5/5 (Fall 1993): p. 105.
SMITH, ROBERTA. "De Kooning's 90th Birthday Nears, and Hirshhorn Leads the Tribute," New York Times (14 December 1993): p. C20.
CATEFORIS, DAVID. "Willem de Kooning," Art Journal 53/4 (Winter 1994): p. 86.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning," El Guia. Art de l'arc mediterraneen (February 1994): p. 19, 20.
SANTOS-TORROELLA, RAFAEL. "Willem de Kooning: en persona," ABC de las artes (February 1994): p. 30.
UNSIGNED. "De Kooning, una pincelada valiente," Architectural Digest no. 55 (February-March 1994): pp. 24, 25.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning, pionero y lider del expresionismo abstracto," Panorama (March 1994): p. 3.
ANFAM, DAVID. "Washington and Barcelona: Willem de Kooning," Burlington Magazine (April 1994): p. 69, 70.
FOX, CATHERINE. "A Closer Look at Willem de Kooning," The Atlanta Journal (13 September 1994): p. C12.
JINKNER-LLOYD, AMY. "The Endurance of Beauty," Creative Loafing (17 September 1994): p. 29.
FOX, CATHERINE. " De Kooning: at the High: His is legacy of abstraction," The Atlanta Journal (25 September 1994), p. N3.
SHUTER, MARTY. "Abstract Expressionism," Savannah News/Press (9 October 1994): p. 1F, 2F.
UNSIGNED. "De Kooning's daring journey into artistic chaos-and back again," Cape Cod Times (24 December 1994): p. C1.
SHERMAN, MARY. "MFA show brushes by greatness of de Kooning," Boston Herald (8 January 1995): pp. 49. 57.
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection," MFA Houston Calendar (1995): p. 9-10.
JOHNSON, PATRICIA. "Willem de Kooning: abstract women and master strokes define MFA exhibit," Houston Chronicle (18 March 1995): p. 1C, 8C.
KALIL, SUSIE. "Defining De Kooning," Houston Press (20-26 April 1995): p. 4.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN. Hirshhorn Museum and Scultpure Garden: 150 Works of Art (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996), pp. 90-91.
SOTHEBY'S NEW YORK. Contemporary Art, Part I; Auction: Wednesday, May 8, 1996 at 7pm (New York, Sotheby's, 1996).
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Artist and Patron," Journal of the History of Collections 8/1 (1996): p. 124.
THE AGE OF MODERNISM: ART IN THE 20TH CENTURY. Edited by Christos M. Joachimides and Norman Rosenthal. (Berlin : Zeitgeist-Gesellschaft e.V. ; Ostfildern-Ruit [Germany] : G. Hatje ; New York, N.Y. : Distributed in the US by DAP, Distributed Art Publishers, c1997): no. 65.
YARD, SALLY. Willem de Kooning (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc, 1997): plate no. 46, p. 62.
CHRISTIE'S NEW YORK. Contemporary Art: From the Collection of irwin and Bethea Green, Tuesday, 18 November 1997 (New York: Christie's, 1997): p. 41.
MORRIS, CATHERINE. The Essential Willem de Kooning (The Wonderland Press, 1999): p. 63.
STEINBERG, LEO. Encounters with Rauschenberg (A Lavishly Illustrated Lecture) (Houston: The Menil Collection; Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2000): fig. 2, p. 3.
HARRISON, HELEN AND CONSTANCE AYERS DENNE. Hamptons Bohemia: Two Centuries of Artists and Writers on the Beach (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2002): p. 81.
UNSIGNED. Xerox copy of catalogue/book written in Japanese (?) (unknown publisher and date): p. 309.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Abstract Expressionism (First Generation), Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden (Washington, DC), 3rd Floor