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Pendour, (1947-1948)

Barbara Hepworth, British, b. Wakefield, England, 1903–1975

Wood and paint, 12 1/8 X 29 3/8 X 9 3/8 IN. (30.6 X 74.5 X 23.8 CM.) INCL. BASE H: 1 5/8 IN. (4.0 CM.)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.2444

Provenance:
The artist, Cornwall, 1947-48 to 1954-55
Martha Jackson Gallery, NY, by April 1955--at least June 1958
Galerie Chalette, NY, by October 1959 - 3 November 1959
JHH Purchased From Galerie Chalette, New York, 3 November 1959 - 17 May 1966
Gift of JHH, 1966

Exhibition History:
Alex Reid and Lefevre Gallery, London. "New Sculpture and Drawings by Barbara Hepworth," February 1950, no. 10 (as 1948).
XXV Biennale Internzionale D'Arte, Venice. "British Pavillion," June - September 1950, no. 75, p. 335 (as 1947-48).
Riverside Museum, NY. "Abstract Artists of Three Nations," March- April 1951.
Wakefield City Art Gallery, London. "Barbara Hepworth: Sculpture and Drawings," 19 May - 7 July 1951, no. 32 (as 1947-8). Tour: York City Art Gallery, 14 July - 12 August 1951; Manchester Art Galleries 24 September - 21 October 1951.
Whitechapel Art Gallery, London. "Barbara Hepworth : A Retrospective Exhibition of Carvings and Drawings from 1927 to 1954," 8 April - 6 June 1954, no. 82, p. 21, plate J (as 1947-8).
WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis. "Barbara Hepworth: Carvings and Drawings 1937-1954," 15 April-29 May 1955, no. 11, ill. TOUR: THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA ART GALLERIES, 15 June-15 August 1955, SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 1 September-16 October 1955, THE ALBRIGHT ART GALLERY, 9 November-15 December 1955, THE ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 1 January-15 February 1956, THE MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 1 March-31 March 1956, THE BALITMORE MUSEUM OF ART, 15 April- 30 June 1956; MARTHA JACKSON GALLERY, NY, December 1956- January 1957.
Cleveland Museum of Art. "Some Contemporary Works of Art," June 1958, no. 23, ill. (lent by Martha Jackson Gallery).
Galerie Chalette, NY. "Hepworth," October - November 1959, no. 7.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, NY. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962 - 6 January 1963, no. 205, p. 217, ill. p. 153.
IBM Gallery, NY. "5 British Sculptors (Work and Talk)," 15 March - 9 April 1965, no. 15.
Tate Gallery, London. "Barbara Hepworth," 3 April - 19 May 1968, no. 49, ill. p. 19.
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, no. 628, ill.
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC."Barbara Hepworth: The Hirshhorn Museum Collection," 23 April - 19 July 1981 (no catalog).

Published References:
Read, Herbert. "Barbara Hepworth," La Biennale di Venezia 3 (June 1950), ill. p. 14 (as 1947).
Hodin, J.P. "Barbara Hepworth," Les Arts Plastiques 4/3 (July-August 1950), ill. p. 202 (as 1947-48).
Hepworth, Barbara. Carvings and Drawings (London: Lund Humphries, 1952), pls. 95-97b.
Middleton, Michael. "Huit sculpteurs britanniques," Art d'aujourd'hui, serie 4, no. 2 (March 1953), ill. p. 6 (in artist's studio, 1949).
Giedion-Welcker, Carola. Contemporary Sculpture: An Evolution in Volume and Space (New York: Wittenborn, 1955), pp. 138-139, 2 ills. (as 1947).
Heron, Patrick. "Barbara Hepworth--Carver." Arts Digest 29/15 (May 1, 1955), p. 9, ill. p. 8 (as 1947-8).
Lewis, David. "Moore and Hepworth: A Comparison of their Sculpture." College Art Journal 14/4 (Summer 1955), ill. p. 317 (credit: owned by the artist).
Hammacher, A.M. Barbara Hepworth (New York: Universe Books, 1959) ill. no. 8 a + b (as 1947-8).
Seuphor, Michel. The Sculpture of this Century (New York: Braziller, 1960) p. 97.
Hodin, J.P. Barbara Hepworth (New York: David McKay, 1961) no. 145, ill.
Roberts, Keith. "Retrospective Exhibition at the Tate Gallery." Burlington Magazine CX/782 (May 1968), p. 299.
Hammacher, A.M. The Sculpture of Barbara Hepworth. Trans. James Brockway (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968) p. 204, ills. 70-1.
Hepworth, Barbara. A Pictorial Autobiography (New York and Washington, DC: Praeger, 1970), p. 58.
Lerner, Abram. An Introduction to the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), no. 86, ill.
Lerner, Abram et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974) pp. 701-2, ill. p. 628.
Unsigned. "Sculptural Purist," MD (Medical Newsmagazine) 18/11 (November 1974), ill p. 129; rept. (in Spanish) "Purista escultorica," MD 14/11 (November 1976), ill. p. 88.
Petersen, Karen and JJ Wilson. Women Artists: Recognition and Reappraisal from the Early Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century (New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1976) ill. VII/2, p. 121.
Cleaver, Dale G. Art: An Introduction (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, third ed, 1977), p. 381, ill. 19-39.
Hobbs, Jack A. Art in Context (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, before 1979), ill. 2-20.
Elsen, Albert E. Modern European Sculpture 1918 - 1945: Unknown Beings and Other Realities (New York: Braziller, 1979), p. 52, no. 48, ill p. 54, no. 48.
Wilkinson, Alan G. Barbara Hepworth: The Art Gallery of Ontario Collection (Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1992), p. 22.
Curtis, Penelope and Alan G. Wilkinson. Barbara Hepworth: A Retrospective (Liverpool: Tate Gallery Publications, 1994), p. 84, ill. p. 6.
Fletcher, Valerie. "Pendour, 1947- 48" in Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works of Art (1996), p. 69.
Liebson, Milt. Direct Wood Sculpture: Techniques, Innovation, Creativity (Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2001), p. 91.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, British Modernist Sculpture