First Row Orchestra

Edward Hopper, American, b. Nyack, New York, 1882–1967
Frank Rehn Gallery, New York, to 11 September 1954
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 11 September 1954-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966
Exhibition History
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "1951 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary Painting," 8 November 1951-6 January 1952, no. 68, ill.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF CANADA, Ottawa. "Some American Paintings from the Collection of Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 10-31 January 1957, no. 35, ill. TOUR: MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 20-31 March; ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 12 April-26 May; STRATFORD ARENA, Ontario, 1 July-31 August; WINNIPEG ART GALLERY, Manitoba, 6 October-3 November.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Ten Modern Masters of American Art: 30 Works Selected from The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," cat. TOUR: COE COLLEGE, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1-21 January 1959; QUINCY ART CLUB, Quincy, Illinois, 2-22 February; DES MOINES ART CENTER, Iowa, 6-26 March; E. B. CROCKER GALLERY, Sacramento, 8-28 April; NASHVILLE ARTISTS' GUILD, 10-30 May; ROANOKE FINE ARTS CENTER, Virginia, 15 June-15 July; TIME, INC., New York, 28 July-17 August; COLUMBIA MUSEUM OF ART, South Carolina, 1-21 September; JOSLYN ART MUSEUM, Omaha, 5-25 October; WILLIAM ROCKHILL NELSON GALLERY OF ART, Kansas City, Missouri, 4-24 November; FORT LAUDERDALE ART CENTER, Florida, 7-27 December; JOHN HERRON ART INSTITUTE, Indianapolis, 10-30 January 1960.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Paintings from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection: A View of the Protean Century," 1962-65, no. 39. TOUR.
IX BIENAL DE ARTE MODERNA, Sao Paulo, Brazil. "United States Representation," 22 September 1967-8 January 1968, no. 31, ill. p. 12. TOUR: ROSE ART MUSEUM, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 24 February-31 March.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Edward Hopper," 16 September 1980-18 January 1981. TOUR: HAYWARD GALLERY, London, 11 February-29 March 1981; STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Amsterdam, 22 April-17 June; STADTISCHE KUNSTHALLE, Dusseldorf, 8 July-2 September; ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 3 October-29 November; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, 16 December 1981-10 February 1982.
TOKYO METROPOLITAN TEIEN ART MUSEUM, Tokyo, Japan. "Edward Hopper," 6 October-16 December 1990, cat. no. 68, p. 100.
SCHIRN KUNSTHALLE, Frankfurt. "Edward Hopper" 5 December 1992-14 February 1993, cat. no. 71 p. 99.
PALAIS VOOR SCHONE KUNSTEN, Brussels. "Edward Hopper," 26 February-23 May 1993, cat. no. 71 p. 99.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Edward Hopper and the American Imagination," 22 June-15 October 1995, cat. pl. 27.
ZEITGEIST GELLESCHAFT, Berlin. "The Age of Modernism--Art in the 20th Century." MARTIN-GROPIUS-BAU, Berlin, 7 May-27 July 1997, cat. no. 383.
TATE MODERN, London. "Edward Hopper Retrospective," 27 May-5 September 2004. Tour: MUSEUM LUDWIG, Cologne, Germany, 9 October-9 January 2005.
MUSEO THYSSEN-BORNEMISZA, Madrid. "Hopper," 12 June-16 September 2012, no. 150, p. 228, colorplates pp. 229, 310-311. Tour: GALERIES NATIONALES DU GRAND PALAIS, Paris, 10 October 2012-28 January 2013.
Published References
HOPPER, EDWARD. Notebook 3, The Hopper Bequest (New York: Whitney Museum of American Art): p. 39.
NORDNESS, LEE, ed. Art USA Now, (New York: Viking, 1963): p. 230, ill. p. 24.
GOODRICH, LLOYD. Edward Hopper (New York: Abrams, 1971): p. 280, ill.
LOERCHER, DIANA. "Edward Hopper," The Christian Science Monitor (26 April 1971): ill, p. 10.
LERNER, ABRAM. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Abrams, 1974): p. 703, colorplate 717.
LERNER, ABRAM. Selected Paintings and Sculpture from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New YOrk: Abrams, 1974): plate 11.
LEVIN, GAIL. Edward Hopper as Illustrator (New York and London: W.W. Norton in associaiton with the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1979): fig. 53.
LEVIN, GAIL. "Edward Hopper: The Influence of Theater and Film," Arts Magazine 55/2 (October 1980): p. 125, fig. 12.
UNSIGNED. A Guide to Teaching Art in the Primary Grades K-3 (Fairfax, VA: Fairfax County Public Schools, Department of Instructural Services, 1983): p. 216.
FARRELL, EDMUND et al. Patterns in Literature (Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1989): p. 138, 139.
A'DDONO, BETH. "112 Treasures in the Nation's Attic: the Best of the Smithsonian," Guest Informant (Washington, DC: 1995-96): p. 114.
MAY, STEPHEN. "Edward Hopper's Vision of Modern America," American Arts Quarterly (Summer 1995): p. 32.
SMITH, ROBERTA. "Hopper Enlarged: The Father of Giants," The New York Times Weekend (23 June 1995): p. C1, C7.
ALCANTARA, EURIPEDES. "O olhar americano," Veja (19 July 1995): p. 106, 108.
UNSIGNED. "Hopper en el Whitney Museum of American Art," Museos: La Revista de las Grandes Exposiciones 5/1 (July, August, September 1995): p. 31.
RUBIN, KATE. "Edward Hopper and the American Imagination," American Antiques (August 1995): p. 170.
UNSIGNED. The News Times (27 August 1995): p. 3, 4.
LEVIN, GAIL. Edward Hopper: A Catalogue Raisonne. Volume III: Oils. (New York and London: Whitney Museum of American Art in association with W. W. Norton & Company, 1995): no. O-344, pp. 336-37.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN: 150 WORKS OF ART. (Washington, DC: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution; New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 1996): colorplate p. 86-87.
UNSIGNED. "Matchlessly Modern," Guest Informant (1996-1997): p. 117.
BERKOW, ITA. Edward Hopper: An American Master (Todtri, 1999): p. 44.
MECKLENBURG, VIRGINIA. Edward Hopper: The Watercolors (New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, 1999): p. 163.
MCDONNELL, PATRICIA. On the Edge of Your Seat: Popoular Theater and Film in Early Twentieth Century American Art (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002): p. 143, pl. no. 7.5.
See more items in
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Social Realism
Credit Line
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966
Data Source
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Accession Number
Oil on canvas
31 1/8 x 40 1/8 in. (79 x 101.9 cm)