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First Row Orchestra, (1951)

Edward Hopper, American, b. Nyack, New York, 1882–1967

Oil on canvas, 31 1/8 x 40 1/8 in. (79 x 101.9 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Accession Number: 66.2506

Provenance:
Frank Rehn Gallery, New York, to 11 September 1954
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 11 September 1954-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Exhibition History:
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "1951 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary Painting," 8 November 1951-6 January 1952, no. 68, ill.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF CANADA, Ottawa. "Some American Paintings from the Collection of Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 10-31 January 1957, no. 35, ill. TOUR: MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 20-31 March; ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 12 April-26 May; STRATFORD ARENA, Ontario, 1 July-31 August; WINNIPEG ART GALLERY, Manitoba, 6 October-3 November.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Ten Modern Masters of American Art: 30 Works Selected from The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," cat. TOUR: COE COLLEGE, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1-21 January 1959; QUINCY ART CLUB, Quincy, Illinois, 2-22 February; DES MOINES ART CENTER, Iowa, 6-26 March; E. B. CROCKER GALLERY, Sacramento, 8-28 April; NASHVILLE ARTISTS' GUILD, 10-30 May; ROANOKE FINE ARTS CENTER, Virginia, 15 June-15 July; TIME, INC., New York, 28 July-17 August; COLUMBIA MUSEUM OF ART, South Carolina, 1-21 September; JOSLYN ART MUSEUM, Omaha, 5-25 October; WILLIAM ROCKHILL NELSON GALLERY OF ART, Kansas City, Missouri, 4-24 November; FORT LAUDERDALE ART CENTER, Florida, 7-27 December; JOHN HERRON ART INSTITUTE, Indianapolis, 10-30 January 1960.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Paintings from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection: A View of the Protean Century," 1962-65, no. 39. TOUR.
IX BIENAL DE ARTE MODERNA, Sao Paulo, Brazil. "United States Representation," 22 September 1967-8 January 1968, no. 31, ill. p. 12. TOUR: ROSE ART MUSEUM, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 24 February-31 March.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Edward Hopper," 16 September 1980-18 January 1981. TOUR: HAYWARD GALLERY, London, 11 February-29 March 1981; STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Amsterdam, 22 April-17 June; STADTISCHE KUNSTHALLE, Dusseldorf, 8 July-2 September; ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 3 October-29 November; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, 16 December 1981-10 February 1982.
TOKYO METROPOLITAN TEIEN ART MUSEUM, Tokyo, Japan. "Edward Hopper," 6 October-16 December 1990, cat. no. 68, p. 100.
SCHIRN KUNSTHALLE, Frankfurt. "Edward Hopper" 5 December 1992-14 February 1993, cat. no. 71 p. 99.
PALAIS VOOR SCHONE KUNSTEN, Brussels. "Edward Hopper," 26 February-23 May 1993, cat. no. 71 p. 99.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Edward Hopper and the American Imagination," 22 June-15 October 1995, cat. pl. 27.
ZEITGEIST GELLESCHAFT, Berlin. "The Age of Modernism--Art in the 20th Century." MARTIN-GROPIUS-BAU, Berlin, 7 May-27 July 1997, cat. no. 383.
TATE MODERN, London. "Edward Hopper Retrospective," 27 May-5 September 2004. Tour: MUSEUM LUDWIG, Cologne, Germany, 9 October-9 January 2005.
MUSEO THYSSEN-BORNEMISZA, Madrid. "Hopper," 12 June-16 September 2012, no. 150, p. 228, colorplates pp. 229, 310-311. Tour: GALERIES NATIONALES DU GRAND PALAIS, Paris, 10 October 2012-28 January 2013.

Published References:
HOPPER, EDWARD. Notebook 3, The Hopper Bequest (New York: Whitney Museum of American Art): p. 39.
NORDNESS, LEE, ed. Art USA Now, (New York: Viking, 1963): p. 230, ill. p. 24.
GOODRICH, LLOYD. Edward Hopper (New York: Abrams, 1971): p. 280, ill.
LOERCHER, DIANA. "Edward Hopper," The Christian Science Monitor (26 April 1971): ill, p. 10.
LERNER, ABRAM. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Abrams, 1974): p. 703, colorplate 717.
LERNER, ABRAM. Selected Paintings and Sculpture from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New YOrk: Abrams, 1974): plate 11.
LEVIN, GAIL. Edward Hopper as Illustrator (New York and London: W.W. Norton in associaiton with the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1979): fig. 53.
LEVIN, GAIL. "Edward Hopper: The Influence of Theater and Film," Arts Magazine 55/2 (October 1980): p. 125, fig. 12.
UNSIGNED. A Guide to Teaching Art in the Primary Grades K-3 (Fairfax, VA: Fairfax County Public Schools, Department of Instructural Services, 1983): p. 216.
FARRELL, EDMUND et al. Patterns in Literature (Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1989): p. 138, 139.
A'DDONO, BETH. "112 Treasures in the Nation's Attic: the Best of the Smithsonian," Guest Informant (Washington, DC: 1995-96): p. 114.
MAY, STEPHEN. "Edward Hopper's Vision of Modern America," American Arts Quarterly (Summer 1995): p. 32.
SMITH, ROBERTA. "Hopper Enlarged: The Father of Giants," The New York Times Weekend (23 June 1995): p. C1, C7.
ALCANTARA, EURIPEDES. "O olhar americano," Veja (19 July 1995): p. 106, 108.
UNSIGNED. "Hopper en el Whitney Museum of American Art," Museos: La Revista de las Grandes Exposiciones 5/1 (July, August, September 1995): p. 31.
RUBIN, KATE. "Edward Hopper and the American Imagination," American Antiques (August 1995): p. 170.
UNSIGNED. The News Times (27 August 1995): p. 3, 4.
LEVIN, GAIL. Edward Hopper: A Catalogue Raisonne. Volume III: Oils. (New York and London: Whitney Museum of American Art in association with W. W. Norton & Company, 1995): no. O-344, pp. 336-37.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN: 150 WORKS OF ART. (Washington, DC: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution; New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 1996): colorplate p. 86-87.
UNSIGNED. "Matchlessly Modern," Guest Informant (1996-1997): p. 117.
BERKOW, ITA. Edward Hopper: An American Master (Todtri, 1999): p. 44.
MECKLENBURG, VIRGINIA. Edward Hopper: The Watercolors (New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, 1999): p. 163.
MCDONNELL, PATRICIA. On the Edge of Your Seat: Popoular Theater and Film in Early Twentieth Century American Art (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002): p. 143, pl. no. 7.5.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Social Realism