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The Serf, (1900-1903/cast c. 1931)

Henri Matisse, French, b. Le Cateau-Cambrésis, 1869–1954

Bronze, 36 X 14 7/8 X 12 1/8 IN. (91.5 X 37.8 X 30.7 CM.) ON BRONZE BASE, H: 2 5/8 IN. (6.7 CM.)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.3451

Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, to 12 February 1957
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 12 February 1957-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
FINE ARTS ASSOCIATES, New York. "Henri Matisse: Sculpture, Drawings," 25 November-20 December 1958, no. 1, ill.
DETROIT INSTITUTE OF ARTS. "Sculpture in Our Time: Collected by Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 5 May-23 August 1959, no. 153. TOUR: MILWAUKEE ART CENTER, 10 September-11 October; WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis, 25 October-6 December; WILLIAM ROCKHILL NELSON GALLERY OF ART, Kansas City, Missouri, 20 December-31 January 1960; THE MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, 1-27 March; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF HISTORY, SCIENCE AND ART, 11 April-15 May; M. H. DE YOUNG MEMORIAL MUSEUM, San Francisco, 29 May-10 July; COLORADO SPRINGS FINE ARTS CENTER, Colorado, 24 July-4 September; ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 30 September-31 October.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962-6 January 1963, no. 290, ill. pp. 76-77.
ART GALLERIES, University of California at Los Angeles. "Henri Matisse," 5 January-27 February 1966, no. 96, ill. p. 124. TOUR: ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 11 March-24 April; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 11 May-26 June.
EXPO '67, Montreal. "International Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture," 28 April-27 October 1967, p. 119, ill. p. 97.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, ill.
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION TRAVELING EXHIBITION SERVICE, Washington, DC. (organizer) for ROYAL SCOTTISH MUSEUM, Edinburgh, Scotland. "Treasures of the Smithsonian," 11 August-4 November 1984.
ART GALLERY OF NEW SOUTH WALES, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. "The Body," 12 September-16 November 1997.
ROYAL ACADEMY OF ARTS, London. "The Year 1900: Art at the Crossroads," 15 January-3 April 2000, colorpl. p. 123. TOUR: SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York, 11 May-4 September 2000.

Published References:
MUNSTERBERG, HUGO. "In the Galleries: Matisse Sculptures," Arts 32 (January 1959), p. 56.
PORTER, FAIRFIELD. "Reviews and Previews: Matisse Sculpture and Drawings," Art News 57 (January 1959), p. 11.
GELDZAHLER, HENRY. "Taste for Modern Sculpture: The Hirshhorn Collection," Art News 61 (October 1962).
RUBIN, WILLIAM S. "The Hirshhorn Collection at the Guggenheim Museum," Art International 6 (November 1962), ill. p. 36.
KRAMER, HILTON. "Matisse as a Sculptor," Boston Museum Bulletin 64/366 (1966), pp. 51, 53, 55, ill. 2.
READ, HERBERT. "The Sculpture of Matisse," Henri Matisse (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966), pp. 20-21.
SELDIS, HENRY J. "Matisse Sculpture Carves Niche in Fame," Los Angeles Times Calendar (February 6, 1966), p. 2.
ARNASON, H. HARVARD. History of Modern Art (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968), p. 114, ill. 177.
HALE, WILLIAM HARLAN. The World of Rodin: 1840-1917 (New York: Time-Life, 1969), p. 176, ill. 176.
CLAPP, JANE. The Sculpture Index, vol. I (Metuchen, New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press, 1970), p. 604.
ELSEN, ALBERT E. The Sculpture of Henri Matisse (New York: Harry N.Abrams, 1972), ill. 26.
LERNER, ABRAM. Selected Paintings and Sculpture from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 30.
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), fig. 161, pp. 124, 720.
LYNES, RUSSELL. "Modern Art Arrives on the Mall in a New Museum and Sculpture Garden," Smithsonian 5 (December 1974), p. 43.
MERILLAT, HERBERT CHRISTIAN. Modern Sculpture: The New Old Masters (New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1974), p. 14, ill. 6.
BUTLER, RUTH. Western Sculpture: Definitions of Man (Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1975), p. 233, fig. 135.
TUCKER, WILLIAM. "Matisse's Sculpture: The Grasped and The Seen,"Art in America 63 (July-August 1975), ill. pp. 63, 64, 66.
SELZ, PETER. Art in Our Times (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich and Harry N. Abrams, 1981), p. 76, fig. 168.
PARK, EDWARDS. Treasures from the Smithsonian (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1983), p. 174, ill.
ARNASON, H. H. History of Modern Art, 3rd ed., revised and updated by Daniel Wheeler (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986), p. 135, ill. 177.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection