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The Burghers of Calais, (1884-1889/cast 1953-1959)

Auguste Rodin, French, b. Paris, 1840–1917

Bronze, 79 3/8 × 80 7/8 × 77 1/8 in. (201.7 × 205.4 × 195.8 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.4340

Provenance:
Musée Rodin, Paris and Meudon, 1953-1962
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York (via Otto Gerson Gallery, New York, and Gérard Cramer, Geneva), 31 March 1962-17 May 1966*
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
*rev. by VJF, 25 October 1995.

Exhibition History:
PALAIS DE LA MEDITERRANÉE, Nice. "Sculptures de Rodin," December 1961-January 1962, no. 1, ill.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962-6 January 1963, no. 391, ill. pp. 19-21.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC. "Rodin Rediscovered," 28 June-10 September 1981.

Published References:
****Main List*****
ARNASON, H. H. The History of Modern Art (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall; 1968), no. 82, ill. p. 63.
BRITSCH, RALPH A., and TODD A. BRITSCH. The Arts in Western Culture (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, c. 1983), fig. 14-9, p. 335.
PARK, EDWARDS. Treasures from the Smithsonian (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1983), ill.
CARPENTER, JAMES M. Visual Art: A Critical Introduction (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984), p. 233-34, ill. 15-14.
COMMUNITY COMMITTEE OF THE CENTER FOR THE ARTS. Invitation to the "Fifth Annual Beaux Arts Masked Ball" (Vero Beach, Florida, 1984), n. p.
FORGEY, BENJAMIN. "The Hirshhorn: Dawn of a New Decade," Washington Post (7 October 1984), p. L1.
HOROWITZ, FREDERICK A. More Than You See: A Guide to Art (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984), pp. 18, 19-22, 145-46, 226, fig. 3-8.
McCARTER, WILLIAM, and RITA GILBERT. Living with Art (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984), fig. 357, p. 278.
SPORRE, DENNIS J. The Arts (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1984), pp. 192-93, fig. 5.14.
UNSIGNED. "Museum Notes," The Washington Gallery (Summer 1984), ill. p. 25.
UNSIGNED. "Art Masterpieces in Washington Museums," Show Case of the Arts (Washington, DC: Georgetown University, Spring 1985), ill. p. 7.
SPORRE, DENNIS J. The Creative Impulse: An Introduction to the Arts (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987), ill. 12.25, p. 387.
UNSIGNED. The Golden Book Encyclopedia (New York: Macmillan, 1988), p. 6, ill.
DOLAINSKI, STEPHEN, ed. Guest Informant (New York: Guest Informant, 1989), p. 109.
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE. Washington DC: A Traveler's Guide (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, 1989), ill. p. 71.
UNSIGNED. Distinguished Lecturers on Art and Culture calendar (Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1989), ill.
WOLF, THOMAS H. "The Object at Hand," Smithsonian 21 (August 1990), pp. 16, 18, ill. p. 18.
UNSIGNED. Reader's Newsletter 2 (October 1990), ill. p. 5.
SPORRE, DENNIS J. Reality through the Art (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991), no. 2.3, ill. p. 50.
WHEELER, DANIEL. Art Since Mid-Century: 1945 to the Present (New York: Vendome Press, 1991), p. 15, fig. 17.
NEMETT, BARRY. Images Objects and Ideas: Viewing the Visual Arts (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1992), no. 244, ill. p. 187.
SPORRE, DENNIS J. The Creative Impulse: An Introduction to the Arts, third ed. (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1992), no. 13.27, ill. p. 405.
CELANT, GERMANO, DIETER KOEPPLIN, and MARK ROSENTHAL. Claes Oldenburg: An Anthology (New York: Guggenheim Museum; Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1995), ill. p. 259.
FICHNER-RATHUS, LOIS. Understanding Art, fourth ed. (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1995), no. 15-39, colorpl. p. 413.
GILBERT, RITA. Living with Art, fourth ed. (New York: Mcgrow-Hill, 1995), colorpl. 325, p. 279.
REESE, NICHOLAS. Washington (London: Studio Editions, 1995), ill. p. 41.
MCALLISTER, JANE, ed. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works of Art (Washington, DC: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in association with Harry N. Abrams, 1996), ill. p. 12.
MYER, PETER LIVINGSTON. Art: Do it!: A Handbook for Artists (Dubuque, Iowa : Kendall/Hunt, 1996), ill. p. 150.
TANSEY, RICHARD G. and FRED S . KLEINER. Gardener's Art through the Ages, tenth ed. (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1996), fig. 26-92, p. 1012.
PATERSON, JIM. "Stop and See Sculpture," Washington Post, Weekend (15 August 1997), ill.
FLETCHER, VALERIE J. A Garden for Art: Outdoor Sculpture at the Hirshhorn Museum (Washington, D.C. : Hirshorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in association with Thames and Hudson, 1998), figs. 17 and 18, p. 22, figs. 23-25, p. 27, fig. 34, p. 36, fig. 35, p. 37, no. 2, ill. p. 38-39.
****Secondary List*****
UNSIGNED. The Hammond Times (Indiana, 30 September 1962), ill. p. 25.
UNSIGNED. Newsday (3 October 1962).
UNSIGNED. The Sculpture Gardens of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Hirshhorn (Sarah Lawrence College, art tour brochure, 3 October 1967), cover ill.
FOGG, SUSAN. "Hirshhorn Museum Slated to Open Friday," Advance (Staten Island, New York, 2 October 1974) (also as "Controversial Art Museum," News-American, Baltimore, 6 October 1974).
UNSIGNED (U.P.I.). "Washington Museum Opens," Advertiser (Honolulu, 2 October 1974).
UNSIGNED (U.P.I.). "Controversial D. C. Museum Opens," The News (Mexico City, 3 October 1974).
POLAKOFF, JOSEPH. "Honors for Latvian Immigrant," Texas Jewish Post (3 October 1974) (also with other titles in: Jewish Times, Baltimore 4 October; Jewish Advocate, Boston, 10 October; Jewish Herald Voice, Houston, 21 November).
GENAUER, EMILY. "A $100,000,000 Collection with Uneven Value," Newsday (Long Island, New York, 4 October 1974).
UNSIGNED. "Smithsonian's New Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," Mademoiselle (October 1974).
UNSIGNED. "New Home of the Arts," Times-Picayune (New Orleans, 10 October 1974).
UNSIGNED. "From Joe Hirshhorn's Front Yard Comes a Magnificent New Museum," People Magazine (14 October 1974), ill. pp. 24-25.
DEAR, CYRENE. "D.C. Current Museum a 'Must' in Washington," The Gleaner (Henderson, Kentucky, 20 October 1974) (also in Advace, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, 20 October).
UNSIGNED. "... The Hirshhorn," Progress Index (Petersburg, Virginia, 20 October 1974), fig. 1.
WITTENBERG, CLARISSA. "Washington's First Look at the Hirshhorn Museum," D.C. Gazette 5/9 (October 1974), p. 10.
BARKER, WALTER. "Music / Arts: Rich Content Redeems the Hirshhorn's Garden," Post-Dispatch (St. Louis, Missouri, 17 November 1974).
GILBERT, PAUL. "Art Talk," The Aegis (Bel Air, Maryland, 28 November 1974).
GRAST, BRADLEY. "Art Topics," Philadelphia College of Art, n.d. (late 1974).
UNSIGNED. "Review," Architecture Plus (December 1974).
UNSIGNED. "Art Transplant," The Guardian (2 December 1974).
UNSIGNED. "The Hirshhorn: Our Newest National Treasure," Today, no. 4 (1974), colorpl. p. 10.
LATTER, RUTH. "Hirshhorn Gathers Modern Treasures," Daily Progress (Charlottesville, Virginia, 5 January 1975), ill.
BERNTON, CAROL. "Museum Ranges from Sublime...," Indianapolis News (25 January 1975), ill.
PACK, PHYLLIS. "Washington's Newest Gallery...," Tribune-Review (Greensburg, Pennsylvania, 10 February 1975).
RUDIKOFF, SONYA. "Visiting the Hirshhorn," Commentary 59/2 (February 1975), p. 64.
UNSIGNED. "Capital's Museums Rival New York's," New York Motorist (March 1975).
UNSIGNED. Key West Citizen (Florida, 9 March 1975).
SUTER, LOLA. "New Hirshhorn Houses Rich Collections," Enterprise-Record (Chico, California, 18 March 1975), ill.
GOLDENTHAL, JOLENE. "Art: Sharing Hirshhorn's Dream," Hartford Courant (Connecticut, 30 March 1975).
KLEIN, JERRY. "The Hirshhorn....," Journal Star (Peoria, Illinois, 27 April 1975), pp. D-10, 11.
UNSIGNED. "Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," Pastimes, Eastern Airlines Shuttle edition 3/10 (October 1975).
See file for further info.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden (Washington, DC), Garden