The Terminal

1937

Stuart Davis, American, b. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1892–1964

Oil on canvas, 30 1/8 x 40 1/8in. (76.5 x 101.9cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.1163

Provenance:
Downtown Gallery, New York, to 15 November 1944
Pepsi-Cola Company, 15 November 1944-18 October 1950
Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, Sale 1183, 18 October 1950, no. 107
Downtown Gallery, New York, 18 October 1950-28 February 1953
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 28 February 1953-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
BERKSHIRE MUSEUM, Pittsfield, Massachusetts. "The World of Today," 26 July-5 September 1939, p. 6.
CINCINNATI MODERN ART SOCIETY. "Marsden Hartley--Stuart Davis," 24 October-24 November 1941 (catalogue).
PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS, Philadelphia. "One Hundred and Thirty-Ninth Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture," 23 January-27 February 1944, no. 45.
JOHN HERRON ART INSTITUTE, Indianapolis. March 1944.
METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, New York. "Portrait of America (Artists for Victory, Inc.)," 4 October-3 December 1944, no. 31. Tour: MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Springfield, Massachusettes, 15 December 1944-January 15 1945; CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh, 1 February-4 March.
BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Massachusetts. "Three Collections: Contemporary Painting and Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 1-17 June 1955, no. 5.
TWEED GALLERY, University of Minnesota, Duluth. "Collector's Choice," 1-30 April 1956.
WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis. "Stuart Davis," 30 March-19 May 1957, no. 10, p. 21, ill. p. 20. Tour: DES MOINES ART CENTER, Iowa, 9-30 June; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 6 August-8 September; WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, 14 September-17 October; THE ART GALLERIES, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES, 6 November-5 December.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Ten Modern Masters of American Art: 30 Works Selected from The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," no. 7. TOUR: COE COLLEGE, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1-21 January 1959; QUINCY ART CLUB, Quincy, Illinois, 2-22 February; DES MOINES ART CENTER, Iowa, 6-26 March; E. B. CROCKER GALLERY, Sacramento, 8-28 April; NASHVILLE ARTISTS' GUILD, 10-30 May; ROANOKE FINE ARTS CENTER, Virginia, 15 June-15 July; TIME, INC., New York, 28 July-17 August; COLUMBIA MUSEUM OF ART, South Carolina, 1-21 September; JOSLYN ART MUSEUM, Omaha, 5-25 October; WILLIAM ROCKHILL NELSON GALLERY OF ART, Kansas City, Missouri, 4-24 November; FORT LAUDERDALE ART CENTER, Florida, 7-27 December; JOHN HERRON ART INSTITUTE, Indianapolis, 10-30 January 1960.
NATIONAL COLLECTION OF FINE ART, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Stuart Davis Memorial Exhibition," 25 May-5 July 1965, no. 68. Tour: ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 30 July-29 August; WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York, 14 September-17 October; THE ART GALLERIES, University of California, Los Angeles, 6 November-6 December.
GREENWICH LIBRARY, Connecticut. "Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collects," 7 May-5 June 1967.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York (organizer). "Social Comment in America, 1968-1969," no. 8. Tour: LAWRENCE UNIVERSITY, Appleton, Wisconsin, 25 February-15 March; ANDREW D. WHITE MUSEUM OF ART, CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, New York, 9-30 April; BOWDOIN COLLEGE MUSEUM OF ART, New Brunswick, Maine, 13 June-7 July; BLOOMSBURG STATE COLLEGE, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, 22 September-13 October; COLLEGE OF WOOSTER, Wooster, Ohio, 1-22 November; CEDAR RAPIDS ART CENTER, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 4-24 December; MUNICIPAL UNIVERSITY OF OMAHA, Omaha, Nebraska, 3-31 January 1969; DE PAUW UNIVERSITY, Greencastle, Indiana, 21 February-16 March; SLOAN GALLERY OF AMERICAN PAINTING, VALPARAISO UNIVERSITY, Valparaiso, Indiana, 8-28 April; MANKATO STATE COLLEGE, Mankato, Minnesota, 19 May-9 June.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, fig. 454, p. 323, p. 679.
KATONAH GALLERY, Katonah, New York. "The American Scene and New Forms of Modernism, 1935-1954," 17 January-14 March 1976, no. 41, ill. (John I. H. Baur, curator and author of the book, American Painting 1900-1976.)
STADTISCHE KUNSTHALLE, Dusseldorf. "2 Jahrzehne Amerikanische Malerei," 10 June-12 August 1979, no. 112. Tour: KUNSTHAUS, Zurich, 23 August-28 October 1979; PALAIS DES BEAUX-ARTS, Brussels, 10 November-30 December.
MUSEUM OF ART, CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh. "Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America, 1927-1944," 5 November-31 December 1983, no. 30. Tour: SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, 26 January-25 March 1984; MINNEAPOLIS INSTITUTE OF ARTS, 15 April-3 June; WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, 28 June-9 September.
NASSAU COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, Roslyn Harbor, New York. "American Vanguards," 13 January-7 April 1996, p. 88, color ill.
NASSAU COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, Roslyn Harbor, New York. "F.D.R. and the WPA Era: Art Across America," 15 August-31 October 2004, ill. p. 31.
BRUCE MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, Greenwich, Connecticut. "Painterly Controversy: William Merritt Chase and Robert Henri," 27 January-29 April 2007.

Published References:
ARCHIVES OF AMERICAN ART, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, Washington, DC. The Downtown Gallery Papers, microfilm roll no. ND29, frames 509-510; Stuart Davis File, microfilm roll no. 1838, frames 515, 664.
ARCHIVES OF AMERICAN ART, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, Washington, DC. The Stuart Davis Scrapbooks, microfilm roll no. N585, frames 222, 226.
WATSON, FORBES. American Paintings Today (Washington, DC: American Federation of Arts, 1939): 136, ill.
BOSWELL, PEYTON, JR. "Portrait of America," Art Digest, 18 (1 August 1944): 6.
MCCAUSLAND, ELIZABETH. "Pepsi Cola and Patronage," American Contemporary Art 1 (August-September 1944): 6.
RILEY, MAUDE K. "Portrait of America Starts Nation-Wide Tour at Metropolitan," Art Digest 19 (15 October 1944): 27, ill.
WATSON, ERNEST W. "12 Americans Hit the Spot!," Art News 43 (August 1944): 14, 26.
WATSON, ERNEST W. "Portrait of America," American Artist 8 (October 1944): 27, ill.
WATSON, ERNEST W. "Artists for Victory: Portrait of America," Art News 43 (1-14 December 1944): 25.
WATSON, ERNEST W. "Pepsi Cola Buys 14 More Paintings," Art Digest 19 (15 November 1944): 8.
JENS, JEANNETTE. "'Portrait of America' Shows 150 Fine Paintings," Pittsburgh Post Gazette (2 February 1945): 8.
DAVIS, STUART. Stuart Davis (New York: American Aritsts Group, 1945): 25, ill.
ABELL, WALTER. "Industry and Painting," Magazine of Art 39 (March 1946): 86, ill. p. 83.
GOOSSEN, EUGENE C. Stuart Davis (New York: Georger Braziller, 1959): 42, ill.
LERNER, ABRAM, ed. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974): 679, fig. 454, p. 323.
WILKIN, KAREN. Stuart Davis (New York: Abbeville Press, 1987): 155, plate 171, p. 154.
SIMS, LOWREY STOKES, et al. Stuart Davis: American Painter (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art and Harry N. Abrams, 1991): 64, ill.
HILLS, PATRICIA. Stuart Davis (New York: Harry N. Abrams in association with the National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1996): 113, ill.
CHADWICK, WHITNEY, et al. American Dreamer: The Art of Philip C. Curtis (New York: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Phoenix Art Museum, 1999): n.p., fig. 14.
DE CHASSEY, ERIC. Made in USA: L'art americain, 1908-1947 (Paris: Reunion des Musees Nationaux, 2001): 218, ill. (Loan request withdrawn in June 2001 but published in the catalogue.)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, American Abstraction (Mid-Century)