Willem de Kooning, American, b. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1904–1997

Oil and charcoal on paper mounted on canvas, 25 5/8 x 19 5/8 in. (64.9 x 49.8 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.1199

Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, to 22 October 1954
Albert L. Arenberg, Chicago, from 22 October 1954
E. V. Thaw and Co., New York, to 1 May 1964
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 1 May 1964-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "Willem de Kooning," cat. no. 54, ill. TOUR: STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Amsterdam, 19 September-17 November 1968; TATE GALLERY, London, 8 December-26 January 1969; MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York, 3 March-27 April, cat. no. 116, ill. p. 61; ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 17 May-6 July; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, 28 July-14 September.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, plate 591, p. 412, p. 681.
PACE GALLERY, New York. "Five Action Painters of the Fifties," 22 September-13 October 1979, ill. (unnumbered checklist)
GUILD HALL MUSEUM, East Hampton, New York. "Willem de Kooning: Works from 1951-1981," 23 May-19 July 1981, cat. no. 3, p. 20, ill. p. 23.
DUKE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF ART, Durham, North Carolina. "Paintings of the 50s: Another Look, a loan of twenty-one paintings from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," 3 October-27 November 1983, p. 22, ill.
HUNGARIAN NATIONAL GALLERY, BUDA CASTLE, Budapest. "International Paintings Exhibition," 31October-31 December 1985, cat. no. 1, ill.
NAGOYA CITY ART MUSEUM, Nagoya, Japan. "Perspective of 20th Century Painting," 23 April-19 June 1988, cat. no. 18, p. 48, ill.
NEWPORT HARBOR ART MUSEUM, Newport Beach, California. "The Figurative Fifties: New York Figurative Expressionism," 15 July-18 September 1988, cat. no. 20, ill. p. 83 TOUR: PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS, Philadelphia, 12 October-31 December 1988.
GUILD HALL MUSEUM, EAST HAMPTON CENTER FOR CONTEMPORARY ART, East Hampton, New York. "East Hampton Avant-Garde: A Salute to the Signa Gallery, 1957-1960," 12 August-23 September 1990, cat. no. 14, p. 62, ill.
PACE GALLERY, New York. "Willem de Kooning and Jean Dubuffet: The Women," 30 November 1990-5 January 1991, plate 23.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection," 21 October 1993-9 January 1994, cat. no. 13, p. 201, 216, colorplate 13, p. 75. TOUR: FUNDACIO "LA CAIXA," CENTRE CULTURAL, Barcelona, Spain, 17 February-3 April 1994; HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, Georgia, 13 September-27 November 1994; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 10 December 1994-19 February 1995; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, Texas, 19 March-28 May 1995.
ZEITGEIST GESELLSCHAFT, Berlin. "The Twentieth Century/The Age of Modern Art," 3 May-4 August 1997. TOUR: London, 19 September-15 December 1997; GUGGENHEIM, New York, January-April 1998.
LOS ANGELES MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART. "Willem de Kooning: Tracing the Figure," 2 February-5 May 2002, cat., plate 72; TOUR: NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC, 29 September 2002-5 January 2003.
GAGOSIAN GALLERY, New York. "Willem de Kooning: the 1980's," 18 September-27 October 2007.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Masterworks from the Hirshhorn Collection," 9 June 2016-6 August 2017, no cat.

Published References:
ROSENBERG, HAROLD. "Suiluppi dell'arte di de Kooning," L'Arte Moderna 13 no. 117 (1967), ill. p. 328
FORGE, ANDREW. "De Kooning in Retrospect," Art News 68 (March 1969), p. 61, ill. p. 45
DRUDI, GABRIELLA. Willem de Kooning (Milan: Fratelli Fabbri, 1972), colorplate 79
ROSENBERG, HAROLD. Willem de Kooning (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), ill. plate 110
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 681, fig. 591.
GARSON, INEZ. Willem de Kooning in the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Scala, 1974), no. 7.
GAUGH, HARRY F. Willem de Kooning (New York: Abbeville Press, 1983), fig. 43, p. 51
HOBHOUSE, JANET. The Bride Stripped Bare: The Artist and the Nude in the Twentieth Century (London: Jonathan Cape, 1987), p. 251, no. 225, ill.
UNSIGNED. "14 exposiciones visitaran diversas ciudades espanolas," Panorama (1993): p. 8.
SMITH, ROBERTA. "De Kooning's 90th Birthday nears and Hirshhorn Leads the Tribute," New York Times (14 December 1993): p. C19.
UNSIGNED. "Museum and Dealer Catalogues" Drawing 16/1 (May/June 1994): p. 17.
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning figura clave del expresionismo abstracto," Panorama (February 1994): p. 9.
KALIL, SUSAN. "Defining de Kooning," Houston Press, (20-26 April 1995): p. 4.
YARD, SALLY. Willem de Kooning (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc, 1997): plate no. 44, p. 60, 127.
MORRIS, CATHERINE. The Essential Willem de Kooning (The Wonderland Press, 1999): p. 62.
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning's Harsh, Seductive Beauties," The Washington Post (1 October 2002) p. C1, C2.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Abstract Expressionism (First Generation)

We missed you

Share your best Hirshhorn memories with #Hirshhorn. Let’s reunite and make more. Our Museum building is open, Wed-Sun, with a few twists — see what’s new!