Woman Rubbing Back with a Sponge (Torso)

(c. 1888-1892)/(cast 1919-1921)

Edgar Degas, French, b. Paris, 1834–1917

Bronze, 17 x 10 1/2 x 7 in. (43.1 x 26.5 x 17.7 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.1304

Provenance:
Galerie Hébrard, Paris (agents for the artist's Estate)
Walther Halvorsen, Paris (and London), February 1921-c.1926
Justin K. Thannhauser, Munich and New York, c.1926-[21 Dec. 1940]
Mr. and Mrs. Otto L. Spaeth, New York, [21 December 1940]-1963
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, 1963-8 April 1964
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 8 April 1964-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
[GALERIE FLECHTHEIM, Berlin. "Das Plastische Werk von Edgar Degas," May 1926, no. 55, cat. by Curt Glaser and Wilhelm Hausenstein Tour: MODERNE GALERIE, Munich (Thannhauser), July-August 1926; GALERIE ARNOLD, Dresden, September 1926, as Torse.]
GALERIE THANNHAUSER, Berlin. "Edgar Degas: Pastelle, Zeichnungen, das Plastische Werk," 1931, no. 55 (as Torso).
Buenos Aires. "Edgar Degas Exhibition", 1934, no. 55.
STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Amsterdam. "Random Rodin, Tentoonstelling Honderd Jaar Fransche Sculptuur," July-September 1939, no. 106.
MUNSON-WILLIAMS-PROCTOR INSTITUTE, Utica, New York. "The Spaeth Collection," October 1952, no. 5, ill. Tour: PRINCETON UNIVERSITY ART GALLERY, November 1952.
MARLBOROUGH-GERSON GALLERY, New York. "Artist and Maecenas: A Tribute to Curt Valentin," November-December 1963, no. 14, ill. p. 29.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, fig. 123, p. 100, p. 680.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (organizer). "The Human Figure Interpreted: Modern Sculpture from the Hirshhorn Museum." Tour: TAPEI FINE ARTS MUSEUM, China, 25 March-28 May 1995, p. 52, ill. p. 53; separate catalogue forJapan, fig. 6, ill. p. 53. TOUR: MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, SHIGA, Otsu, Japan, 1 July-6 August 1995; ODAKYU MUSEUM, Tokyo, 9 August-28 August 1995; IWAKI CITY ART MUSEUM, 23 September-5 November 1995; TAKAMATSU CITY MUSEUM OF ART, 10 November-10 December 1995.
HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, Georgia. "Degas and America: The Early Collectors," 28 February 2001-27 May 2001, fig. 83, p. 239, ill. p. 238.
MUSEUM OF NEW MEXICO, MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, SANTA FE. "Explorations in Bronze: Degas and Contemporary New Mexico Sculptors" 10 June 2005 - 18 September 2005.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF AUSTRALIA, Canberra. "Degas: Master of French Art," 12 December 2008-22 March 2009.
ART GALLERY OF ALBERTA, Edmonton. "Degas: Figures in Motion," 22 January-30 May 2010.
TAMPA MUSEUM OF ART, Florida. "Degas: Form, Movement and the Antique," 12 March-19 June 2011.

Published References:
REWALD, JOHN. Degas: Works in Sculpture, A Complete Catalogue (New York: Pantheon, 1944), no. 51, p. 26, ill. p. 113. (Illustration may not be HMSG's cast.)
REWALD, JOHN. Degas Sculpture (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1956), no. 51, p. 153, pl. 80. (Illustration may not be HMSG's cast.)
ESTEROW, MILTON. "1,000 Inspect Huge Hirshhorn Art Collection at Greenwich Benefit," New York Times (15 September 1965).
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 680, fig. 123, p. 100
MILLARD, CHARLES W. The Sculpture of Edgar Degas (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976), pp. 30, 35, 38, 69-70, fig. 110.
REWALD, JOHN. Degas's complete sculpture (San Francisco: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, 1990), no. 51, pp. 140-41.
PINGEOT, ANNE. Degas Sculptures (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1991), no. 55, p. 178.
CAMPBELL, SARA. "A catalogue of Degas' bronzes," Apollo 142/402 (August 1995), no. 28, D, p. 24.
See file for further info.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection