Nude

1946

Arshile Gorky, American, b. Khorkom, Armenia, 1904–1948

Oil on canvas, 50 1/8 × 38 1/8 in. (127.3 × 96.9 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Accession Number: 66.2154

Provenance:
The artist, New York
Julien Levy Gallery, New York (acquired from the artist)
Mr. and Mrs. Frederic Varady, New York
Harold Diamond, New York, to 24 September 1964
Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 24 September 1964-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Exhibition History:
JULIEN LEVY GALLERY, New York. "Gorky," 1946.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "14 Americans," 10 September-8 December 1946, no. 39.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "1946 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting," 10 December 1946-16 January 1947, no. 56.
HUGO GALLERY, New York. "Bloodflames," 15-28 February 1947, p. 8, ill. p. 9.
CALIFORNIA PALACE OF THE LEGION OF HONOR, San Francisco. "2nd Annual Exhibition of Painting," 19 November 1947-4 January 1948, p. 16.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Arshile Gorky Memorial
Exhibition," 5 January-18 February 1951, no. 44. Tour: WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis, 4 March-22 April; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 9 May-9 July.
ART MUSEUM OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY. "Arshile Gorky: A Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings," 6-26 October 1952, no. 15.
XXXI BIENNALE INTERNAZIONALE D'ARTE, Venice. Sale XXXVII, 16 June-7 October 1962, no. 20.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "Arshile Gorky: Paintings, Drawings, Studies," 17 December 1962-12 February 1963, no. 86. Tour: WASHINGTON GALLERY OF MODERN ART, Washington, DC, 12 March-14 April.
PROVIDENCE ART CLUB, MUSEUM OF ART, RHODE ISLAND SCHOOL OF DESIGN, and BROWN UNIVERSITY. "Critic's Choice: Art Since World War II, 1965 Kane Memorial Exhibition," 31 March-24 April 1965.
FONDATION M.&A. MAEGHT, Saint-Paul, France. "Dix Ans d'Art Vivant 1945-1955" 9 April-31 May 1966, no. 69, ill.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, no. 528, ill. p. 378; p. 697.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Arshile Gorky: The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection," 4 October-25 November 1979, catalogue by Phyllis D. Rosenzweig, no. 24, colorpl. p. 15; pp. 38-39, ill.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Arshile Gorky, 1904-1948: A Retrospective," 23 April-19 July 1981, no. 194, ill. (did not travel to Dallas or Los Angeles venues).
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION TRAVELING EXHIBITION SERVICE, Washington, DC (organizer). "Surrealist Art: Selections from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," no. 48, fig. 48, p. 49. Tour: JOSLYN ART MUSEUM, Omaha, 22 March-4 May 1986; FINE ARTS CENTER AT CHEEKWOOD, Nashville, 26 July-7 September; MONTGOMERY MUSEUM OF FINE ART, Alabama, 27 September-9 November; VASSAR COLLEGE ART GALLERY, Poughkeepsie, New York, 29 November-11 January 1987; SOCIETY OF THE FOUR ARTS, Palm Beach, Florida, 31 January-15 March; IBM GALLERY OF SCIENCE AND ART, New York, 4 April-17 May.
ISRAEL MUSEUM, Jerusalem. "Arshile Gorky," 15 October-15 December 1987. Tour:
LOUISIANA MUSEUM, Humblebaek, Denmark, 1 January-15 February 1988; KUNSTHALLE, Düsseldorf, Germany, 1 March-15 April; WHITECHAPEL GALLERY, London, 1 May-15 June.
LINGOTTO, Turin, Italy. "Arte Americana 1930-1970," 11 January-31 March 1992, ill. p. 132.
GAGOSIAN GALLERY, New York. "Arshile Gorky: A Ninetieth Birthday Commemoration," 11 January-5 March 1994.
CENTRO ATLANTICO DE ARTE MODERNO, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. "A Rebours: La Rebelión Informalista, 1939-1968," 20 April-13 June 1999, color ill. p. 173. Tour: MUSEO NACIONAL DE ARTE REINA SOFIA, Madrid, 6 July-11 October.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Picasso and American Art," 28 September 2006-28 January 2007, cat. Tour: SAN FRANCISCO MUSUEM OF MODERN ART, 25 February-28 May; WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis, 17 June-9 September.
PHILADELPHIA MUSEUM OF ART. "Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective," 21 October 2009-10 January 2010, cat. Tour: TATE MODERN, London, 10 February-3 May; MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART, Los Angeles, 6 June-20 September.

Published References:
SCHWABACHER, ETHEL. Arshile Gorky (New York: Whitney Museum of American Art/Macmillan, 1957), pl. 61, p. 132; p. 126.
REIFF, ROBERT. "The Late Works of Arshile Gorky," Art Journal XXII, no. 3 (Spring 1963), p. 151.
LEVY, JULIEN. Arshile Gorky (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1966), pl. 136.
LERNER, ABRAM et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), fig. 528, p. 378; p. 697.
ROSE, BARBARA. "Arshile Gorky and John Graham: Eastern Exiles in a Western World," Arts Magazine 50, no. 7 (March 1976), ill. p. 66.
REIFF, ROBERT F. A Stylistic Analysis of Arshile Gorky's Art from 1943-1948 (New York and London: Garland Publishing Inc., 1977), fig. 30, p. 308; pp. 94-97, 264, 342.
JORDAN, JIM M. and ROBERT GOLDWATER. The Paintings of Arshile Gorky: A Critical Catalogue (New York and London: New York University Press, 1982), no. 307, pp. 472-473, ill.
RAND, HARRY. Arshile Gorky: The Implications of Symbols (Montclair, New Jersey: Allanheld & Schram, 1980), fig. 14-3, p. 215; pp. 213-214.
COGSWELL, JAMES A. "The Figure as Affecting Presence in Abstract Expressionist Painting," New Mexico Studies in the Fine Arts 6 (1981).
LADER, MELVIN P. Arshile Gorky (New York: Abbeville Press, 1985), fig. 95, p. 96; p. 93.
KIMMELMAN, MICHAEL. "Arshile Gorky: Late Years of …" New York Times (6 February 1994).
AUPING, MICHAEL. "An Erotic Garden," in Arshile Gorky: The Breakthrough Years (Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, 1995), p. 75.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Abstract Expressionism (First Generation)