Delaware Gap


Franz Kline, American, b. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 1910–1962

Oil on canvas, 78 1/4 × 106 1/8 in. (198.6 × 269.5 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Accession Number: 66.2751

Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, to 10 January 1959
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 10 January 1959-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Exhibition History:
AMERICAN ART EXPOSITIONS, New York. “Art: USA: 59, a Force, a Language, a Frontier,” 3-19 April 1959, no. 118b, p. 34.
DUKE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF ART, Durham, North Carolina. "Paintings of the 50s, Another Look: A Loan of Twenty-one paintings from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," 3 October-27 November 1983, ill. p. 29.
SIDNEY JANIS GALLERY, New York. "8 American Painters," 5-31 January 1959, no. 5, ill.
NEW YORK COLISEUM. "Art USA 59," 3-19 April 1959, no. 118b.
DOCUMENTA II, Kassel, Germany. "Art Since 1945," 11 July-11 October 1959, no. 3, ill. p. 218.
LOUISIANA MUSEUM, Humelbaek, Denmark. "Selections from Documenta II," 20 October-3 November 1959, cat.
XXX BIENNALE INTERNAZIONALE D'ARTE, Venice. "United States Pavilion," 15 June-15 September 1960, no. 32.
SIDNEY JANIS GALLERY, New York. "Kline Memorial Exhibition," 3-28 December 1963, no. 15, ill.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, fig. 687, pp. 471, 707.
DUKE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF ART, Durham, North Carolina. "Paintings of the 50s: Another Look, a Loan of Twenty-one Paintings from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," 3 October-27 November 1983, cat.
BERLINISCHE GALERIE IM GROPIUSBAU, Berlin. "Stationen der Moderne: Il Documenta in Kassel 1959," 25 September 1988-6 January 1989, no. 3, ill. 16/26.
CASTELLO DI RIVOLI MUSEO D'ARTE CONTEMPORANEA, Torino, Italy. "Franz Kline," 18 October 2004-30 January 2005, ill. p. 409.

Published References:
BUTLER, BARBARA. “Profiles: Franz Kline,” Arts Yearbook 3 (1959), p. 128.
SCHUYLER, JAMES. "Reviews and Previews: Eight Americans," Art News 57 (January 1959), p. 10.
STILES, GEORGE. "Gallery Previews in New York," Pictures on Exhibit XXII, no. 4 (January 1959), p. 17.
ASHTON, DORE. "Art," Art and Architecture 76 (March 1959), ill. p. 8.
COATES, ROBERT M. “The Art Galleries: Styles and Personalities,” New Yorker 34, no. 48 (17 January 1959), p. 78.
SIDNEY JANIS GALLERY. 9 American Painters (New York: 1960), ill.
COATES, ROBERT M. “The Art Galleries: Fig Versus Non-Fig,” New Yorker 39, no. 44 (21 December 1963), p. 71.
TILLIM, SIDNEY. "The New Avant-Garde," Arts 38 (February 1964), p. 20, ill. p. 19.
ESTEROW, MILTON. "1,000 Inspect Huge Hirshhorn Art Collection at Greenwich Benefit," New York Times (15 September 1965), ill.
GORDON, JOHN. Franz Kline (New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1968), pp. 9, 11.
JACOBS, JAY. "Collector: Joseph H. Hirshhorn," Art in America 57 (July-August 1969), p. 68.
SIDNEY JANIS GALLERY. 25th Anniversary Exhibition (New York: 1974), ill. 136.
LERNER, ABRAM, et. al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 707, fig. 687, p. 471.
LYNES, RUSSELL. "From Century Ago to Just Yesterday at the Hirshhorn," Smithsonian 5 (January 1975), p. 48.
OLMERT, MICHAEL. "How You Paint It Depends Purely on How You See It," Smithsonian 6 (July 1975), p. 95, colorplate.
GAUGH, HARRY F. Franz Kline: The Color Abstractions (Washington, DC: The Phillips Collection, 1979), p. 37.
UNSIGNED. Smithsonian Year 1988 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1988), p. 11.
GAUGH, HARRY F. Franz Kline (Cincinnati, Ohio: Cincinnati Art Museum; New York: Abbeville Press, 1994), p. 124, 182.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Franz Kline" in The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996), pp. 94-95, ill.
KINGSLEY, APRIL. Franz Kline: A Critical Study of the Mature Work, 1950-1962 [dissertation] (City University of New York, 2000), pp. 212, 267; ill. no. 230, p. 589.
DIJKSTRA, BRAM. American Expressionism: Art and Social Change, 1920-1950 (New York: Harry N. Abrams; In association with the Columbus Museum of Art, 2003), p. 209, ill. no. 173.
BOYAJIAN, ANI AND MARK RUTHKOSKI, eds. Essays by William C. Agree and Karen Wilkin. Stuart Davis: A Catalogue Raisonné (New Haven: Yale University Art Gallery: In association with Yale University Press, 2007), v. 1, pp. 9, 96; v.2, ill. pp. 373-374.
PERL, ANNMARIE. “A Persistent Passion for the Print” in AnnMarie Perl (ed.), In Focus: Meryon 1960–1 by Franz Kline (Tate Research Publication, 2017)., accessed 28 October 2019.
ROGGE, CORINA E., ZAHIRA VELlZ BOMFORD, AND MAITE LEAL. “Seldom Black and White: The Works of Franz Kline.” In Casadio, Francesca, et al. Metal Soaps in Art: Conservation and Research (Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2019), p. 414.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Abstract Expressionism (First Generation)