The Avenger

(1914)/cast 1946-1955

Ernst Barlach, German, b. Wedel, 1870–1938

Bronze, 17 1/8 x 23 1/2 x 9 in. (43.5 x 59.7 x 22.9 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.363

Provenance:
Estate of the Artist, Güstrow
Galerie Alex Vömel, Düsseldorf
Jane Wade, New York, to 16 March 1956
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 16 March 1956-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
DETROIT INSTITUTE OF ARTS. "Sculpture in Our Time: Collected by Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 5 May-23 August 1959, no. 51, ill. p. 29. TOUR: MILWAUKEE ART CENTER, 10 September-11 October; WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis, 25 October-6 December; WILLIAM ROCKHILL NELSON GALLERY OF ART, Kansas City, Missouri, 20 December-31 January 1960; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, 1-27 March; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND ART, 11 April-15 May; M. H. DE YOUNG MEMORIAL MUSEUM, San Francisco, 29 May-10 July; COLORADO SPRINGS FINE ARTS CENTER, Colorado, 24 July-4 September; ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 30 September-31 October.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962-6 January 1965, no. 23.
DALLAS MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS. "Sculpture Twentieth Century," 12 May-13 June 1965, no. 6.
HOPKINS CENTER ART GALLERIES, DARTMOUTH COLLEGE, Hanover, New
Hampshire. "Sculpture in Our Century: Selections from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 25 May-9 July 1967, no.5, ill. p. 18.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975.
MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART, Chicago. "Art in a Turbulent Era: German and Austrian Expressionism," 10 March-30 April 1978.
LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART. "German Expressionist Sculpture," October 1983-April 1984. TOUR: HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, April-June 1984.

Published References:
SCHULT, FRIEDRICH. Ernst Barlach: das Plastische Werk (Hamburg: Hauswedell, 1960), no. 167, p. 109.
GETLEIN, FRANK. "Angel of Justice," County Beautiful 2/2 (October 1962), p. 46, ill. p. 47.
ARNASON, H. HARVARD. A History of Modern Art (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968), p. 134, ill. 229; Third Edition (revised by Daniel Wheeler, 1986), no. 189, ill.
WERNER, ALFRED. "Barlach: Genius Out of Step," Auction (2 February 1969), ill. p. 23.
CLAPP, JANE. Sculpture Index, vol. 1 (Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1970), p. 66.
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Abrams, 1974), p. 662, no. 320, ill.
MUESSIG, RAYMOND, ed. Controversial Issues in Social Studies: A Contemporary Perspective (Washington: National Council for the Social Studies, 1975), p. 308, ill. p. 122.
SELZ, PETER. Art in Our Times (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich and Harry N. Abrams, 1981), no. 429, ill. p. 179.
PRELINGER, ELIZABETH. Kathe Kollwitz (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art; New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), fig. 3, p. 174.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, German Expressionism