Iris, Messenger of the Gods

(1890-1891/cast 1890s)

Auguste Rodin, French, b. Paris, 1840–1917

Bronze, 32 1/2 x 34 x 14 3/4 in. (82.5 x 86.3 x 37.5 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.4330

[Fiske Warren and Edward Perry Warren, Boston, to 1908]
[Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1908-14 May 1953 (accession no. Res.08.4, sold by order of M.F.A. Trustees)]
Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, c. 1953-10 August 1955
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 10 August 1955-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
[CURT VALENTIN GALLERY, New York. "Auguste Rodin," 4-29 May 1954, no. 23, ill. May not be HMSG cast.]
[CURT VALENTIN GALLERY, New York. "Closing Exhibition," 8 June 1955, no. 167, ill. Possibly HMSG cast.]
DETROIT INSTITUTE OF ARTS. "Sculpture in Our Time: Collected by Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 5 May-23 August 1959, no. 37, p. 22, ill. TOUR: MILWAUKEE ART CENTER, 10 September -11 October; WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis, 25 October-6 December; WILLIAM ROCKHILL NELSON GALLERY OF ART, Kansas City, Missouri, 20 December-31 January 1960; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, 1-27 March; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND ART, 11 April-15 May; M. H. DE YOUNG MEMORIAL MUSEUM, San Francisco, 29 May-10 July; COLORADO SPRINGS FINE ARTS CENTER, Colorado, 24 July-4 September; ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 30 September-31 October.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962-6 January 1963, no. 392, p. 228, ill. p. 23.
MARLBOROUGH-GERSON GALLERY, New York. "Artist and Maecenas--A Tribute to Curt Valentin," November-21 December 1963, no. 9, ill.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, ill. 90, p. 72, p. 740.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, organizer. "The Human Figure Interpreted: Modern Sculpture from the Hirshhorn Museum," 1995, no. 14, pp. 60-62, ill. TOUR: MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, SHIGA, Otsu, Japan, 1 July-6 August; ODAKYU MUSEUM, Tokyo, 9-27 August; IWAKI CITY ART MUSEUM, Iwaki, 23 September-5 November; TAKAMATSU CITY MUSEUM OF ART, Takamatsu, 10 November-10 December.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Masterworks from the Hirshhorn Collection," 9 June 2016-6 August 2017, no cat.

Published References:
COATES, ROBERT M. "The Art Galleries: Paris and Detroit," New Yorker 30 (22 May 1954), p. 80.
SALTMARCHE, KENNETH. "Notes on Special Exhibitions: Sculpture in Our Time," Art Quarterly 22 (Winter 1959), p. 351.
SALTMARCHE, KENNETH. "Sculpture in Our Time," Toronto Art Gallery News and Notes 4 (October 1960), p. 2.
ASHTON, DORE. "New York Report," Das Kunstwerk 16 (October 1962), p. 26.
RAYNOR, VIVIEN. "In the Galleries: The Hirshhorn Collection," Arts Magazine 37 (November 1962), p. 41.
DUITZ, MURRAY. "Museum," Infinity 12 (December 1963), ill. p. 18.
READ, HERBERT. A Concise History of Modern Sculpture (New York: Praeger, 1964), p. 31, ill. 22.
UNSIGNED. "Range of Hirshhorn Collection," Times (London: 3 July 1964), ill.
JIANOU, IONEL, and CECILE GOLDSCHEIDER. Rodin (Paris: Arted, 1967), p. 105.
LICHT, FRED. Sculpture: 19th and 20th Centuries (Greenwich, Connecticut: New York Graphic Society, 1967), p. 321, ill. 124.
ARNASON, H. HARVARD. History of Modern Art (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968), p. 60, ill. 79.
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 740, fig. 90, p. 72.
LYNES, RUSSELL. "Modern Art Arrives on the Mall in a New Museum and Sculpture Garden," Smithsonian Magazine 5 (December 1974), p. 41, colorpl. p. 39.
TUCKER, WILLIAM. Early Modern Sculpture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974), p. 35, ill. 24.
TANCOCK, JOHN. The Sculpture of Auguste Rodin (Philadelphia: Museum of Art, 1976), no. 46-2, see other casts, p. 291.
BUTLER, RUTH. Rodin in Perspective (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1980), pp. 174-189, fig. 18.
SELZ, PETER. Art in Our Times: A Pictorial History, 1890-1980 (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich and Harry N. Abrams, 1981), p. 55, fig. 116.
FINN, DAVID and MARIE BUSCO. Rodin and His Contemporaries (New York: Cross River Press, 1991), p. 84.
BUTLER, RUTH. Rodin: The Shape of Genius (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1993), fig. 128, p. 311.
HUNISAK, JOHN M. with essay by RUTH BUTLER. Carvings, Casts & Replicas (Middlebury, Vermont: Middlebury College Museum of Art, 1994), p. 18, fn. 44, p. 28.
COHN, BARBARA. "At Home in France," Washington Artists News 26 (Winter 1997), ill. p. 3.
TOTH, FERENC, ed. Woman: The Art of Gaston Lachaise, 1882-1935 (Budapest: Museum of Fine Arts, 2005), ill. p. 33, p. 41.

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