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Skull of Zurbarán, 1956

Salvador Dalí, Spanish, b. Figueras, 1904–1989

Oil on canvas, 39 1/2 x 39 1/2 in. (100.3 x 100.3 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Accession Number: 66.1027

Carstairs Gallery, New York, to 21 January 1957
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 21 January 1957-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Exhibition History:
CARSTAIRS GALLERY, New York. Salvador Dalí, 4 December 1956-5 January 1957, no. 2.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Paintings from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection: A View of the Protean Century," no. 18, ill. TOUR: M. KNOEDLER, New York, 31 October-24 November 1962; CURRIER GALLERY OF ART, Manchester, New Hampshire, 16 December-12 January 1963; CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh, 30 January-26 February; EVANSVILLE MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, INDIANA, 16 March-12 April; MUNSON-WILLIAMS-PROCTOR INSTITUTE, Utica, New York, 30 April-27 May; J.B. SPEED ART MUSEUM, Louisville, Kentucky, 13 June-10 July; THE MINNEAPOLIS INSTITUTE OF ARTS, 30 July-25 August; SEATTLE ART MUSEUM, 11 September-8 October; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 26 October-23 November; COLORADO SPRINGS FINE ARTS CENTER, Colorado, 11 December-7 January, 1964; DALLAS MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 26 January-23 February; OKLAHOMA ART CENTER, Oklahoma City, 12 March-8 April; BROOKS MEMORIAL ART GALLERY, Memphis, 25 April-23 May; ATLANTA ART ASSOCIATION, Georgia, 10 June-7 July; SAGINAW ART MUSEUM, Michigan, 25 July-22 August; MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 8 September-6 October; ALLENTOWN ART MUSEUM, Pennsylvania, 24 October-21 November; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 9 December-10 January 1965; THE BROOKLYN MUSEUM, New York, 8 February-5 April.
GALLERY OF MODERN ART, New York. Salvador Dalí, 17 December 1965-11 September 1966, no. 146, ill. p. 127.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, no. 754, ill. p. 509.
HAMBURGER KUNSTHALLE, West Germany. Luther and the Consequences on the Arts, 10 November 1983-8 January 1984.
STAATSGALERIE STUTTGART, Stuttgart, West Germany. Salvador Dalí Retrospective, 12 May-23 July 1989. Tour: KUNSTHAUS ZURICH, Zurich, Switzerland, 18 August-22 November 1989.
MARTIN-GROPIUS-BAU, Berlin. GegenwartEwigkeit, 6 April-24 June 1990, ill. p. 168, p. 320.
TOKYO SHIMBUN and CHUGOKU SHIMBUN, Japan, organizers. "Disguised Vision," 27 October 1994-23 April 1995, no. I-23, p. 49, color ill. Tour: ISETAN MUSEUM OF ART, Tokyo, 27 October-5 December 1994; HIROSHIMA MUSEUM OF ART, 20 December-5 February 1995; MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, Kamakura, 11 February-21 March; KORIYAMA CITY MUSEUM, 25 March-23 April.
WADSWORTH ATHENEUM, Hartford, Connecticut. "Dalí's Optical Illusions," 21 January-26 March 2000, no. 54, pp. 168-69. Tour: HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, 19 April-18 June 2000; SCOTTISH NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN ART, Edinburgh, 23 July-1 October 2000.
PALAZZO GRASSI, Venice. "Salvador Dalí," 12 September 2004-16 January 2005, no. 231, ill. p. 383. TOUR: PHILADELPHIA MUSEUM OF ART, 16 February-15 May.
MUSEUM LUDWIG, Cologne, Germany. "Salvador Dalí: La Gare de Perpignan," 18 March-25 June 2006.
NAGOYA CITY ART MUSEUM, Japan. "Visual Deception," 11 April-7 June 2009, p. 141, fig. 108. TOUR: BUNKAMURA MUSEUM OF ART, 13 June-16 August; HYOGO PREFECTURAL MUSEUM OF ART, 26 August-3 November.
HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta. "Salvador Dali Retrospective," 7 August 2010-2 January 2011.

Published References:
OFFIN, CHARLES Z. "Gallery Previews in New York," Pictures on Exhibit 26, no. 2 (November 1962): 12.
UNSIGNED. "Art News," The Philadelphia Inquirer (11 November 1962): ill.
UNSIGNED. Bulletin of the Allentown Art Museum (Allentown, Pennsylvania) 5, no. 8 (November 1964): cover ill.
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974): 676, colorplate p. 509.
SALVADOR DALI MUSEUM. A Guide to Works by Salvador Dalí in Public Museum Collections (Cleveland: Salvador Dalí Museum, 1974): addendum insert, ill.
MUSSEM, PAUL H. and MARK R. ROSENZWEIG. Psychology: An Introduction, 2nd ed. (Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath, 1977): 434-35.
MOORHOUSE, PAUL. Dalí (London: Bison Books, 1990): 104, ill.
UNSIGNED. "Exhibition of Dalí is Serious Business," North County Times (San Diego) (19 April 2000): n.p.
RICHARD, PAUL. "Dalí's Flip Side," The Washington Post (20 April 2000): ill, C1.
UNSIGNED. "Hello, Dalí," Times (Watertown, New York) (21 April 2000): n.p., ill.
SOUZA, PATRICIA. "Las ilusiones de Dalí," El Nuevo Dia (San Juan, Puerto Rico) (23 April 2000): n.p., ill.
UNSIGNED. "Dallying with Dalí," Telegraph (Nashua, New Hampshire) (23 April 2000): n.p., ill.
UNSIGNED. no title Times Republican (Marshalltown, Iowa) (24 April 2000): n.p., ill.
YOUNG, AISHA RUSSELL. "Two Shows, Two Views," Young DC (May 2000): ill. p. 8.
SNOW, MICHAEL. "Salvador Dalí vs. Norman Rockwell," Museums, Washington Post Advertising Supplement (1 May 2000): n.p, ill.
UNSIGNED. "Doors to Close on Dalí," Washington Times (10 June 2000): n.p., ill.
WHITFIELD, SARAH. "Hartford, Washington, and Edinburgh: Dalí's Optical Illusions," Burlington Magazine (August 2000): 518-19, fig. 34.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Surrealism (European)