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Woman/Verso: Untitled, 1948

Willem de Kooning, American, b. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1904–1997

A: Oil and enamel on fiberboard B: Oil and enamel on fiberboard, 53 5/8 x 44 5/8 in. (136.1 x 113.2 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Accession Number: 66.1197.A-B

Provenance:
The artist, New York, from 1948
Harold Diamond, New York, from 1948-1 November 1962
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 1 November 1962-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Exhibition History:
FINE ARTS GALLERY, Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington. "American Painting 1910-1960," 19 April-10 May 1964, no. 15, ill.
[INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY ART, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. "The Decisive Years: 1943-1953," 14 January-11 March 1965.]
MARLBOROUGH-GERSON GALLERY, New York. "International Expressionism Part I," April-May 1968, no. 9, ill.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "Willem de Kooning," no. 24, ill. TOUR: STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Amsterdam, 19 September-17 November 1968; TATE GALLERY, London, 8 December-26 January 1969; MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York, 3 March-27 April, no. 116, ill. p. 61; ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, 17 May-6 July; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, 28 July-14 September.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, pl. 532, p. 383, p. 681 (recto and verso).
MUSEUM OF ART, CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh. "Willem de Kooning: Pittsburgh International Series," 26 October 1979-6 January 1980, no. 11, p. 42.
RHEINHALLEN MESSEGELÄNDE, Cologne. "Westkunst-Eine Ausstellung," 30 May-16 August 1981, no. 418 and 418a, ill. p. 404.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Willem de Kooning: Drawings, Paintings, Sculpture," 15 December 1983-26 February 1984, no. 168, ill. p. 165. Tour: AKADEMIE DER KUNSTE, Berlin, 11 March-29 April; MUSEE NATIONAL D'ART MODERNE, CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, Paris, 28 June-24 September, ill. p. 78.
PACE GALLERY, New York. "Willem de Kooning and Jean Dubuffet: The Women," 30 November 1990-5 January 1991, plate 6.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC. "Willem de Kooning: Paintings," 8 May-5 September 1994, no. 22, pp. 121, 54, 97, 104.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection," 21 October 1993-9 January 1994, no. 6, pp. 199, 216; colorpl. 6, pp. 66-67. TOUR: FUNDACIO "LA CAIXA," CENTRE CULTURAL, Barcelona, 17 February-3 April 1994; HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, 13 September-27 November; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 10 December-19 February 1995; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, 19 March-28 May.
CHRISTIE'S, New York. Sale, "Contemporary Art from the Boris Leavitt Collection," 20 November 1996, lot no. 7, pp. 28-33.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "de Kooning: A Retrospective," 18 September 2011-9 January 2012, fig. 1 (color), p. 197; colorplate 62, p. 198; fig. 2 (color), p. 199; p. 201; figs. 1-3 (color), pp. 205-207.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Masterworks from the Hirshhorn Collection," 9 June 2016-6 August 2017, no cat.

Published References:
ROSE, BARBARA. American Art Since 1900 (New York: Praeger, 1967), p. 184, ill. 6-33.
DRUDI, GABRIELLA. Willem de Kooning (Milan: Fratelli Fabbri, 1972), ill. 46.
ROSENBERG, HAROLD. Willem de Kooning (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1973), plate 61.
LARSON, PHILIP and PETER SCHJELDAHL. "De Kooning's Drawings," in De Kooning: Drawings/Sculptures (New York: Dutton, 1974), ill. 14.
GARSON, INEZ. "Willem de Kooning at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Scala, 1974), no. 6.
CARMEAN, E.A., JR., "Willem de Kooning: The Women," in American Art at Mid-Century: The Subjects of the Artist by E.A. Carmean, Jr. and Eliza E. Rathbone with Thomas B. Hess (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1978), pp. 159-160, fig. 5.
WALDMAN, DIANE. Willem de Kooning in East Hampton (New York: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1978), p. 132, ill.
HYAMS, BARRY. Hirshhorn: Medici from Brooklyn (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1979), p. 109.
YARD, SALLY E. "Willem de Kooning: The First Twenty-six Years in New York--1927-1952," unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (Princeton University, 1980), p. 180, fig. 249.
SOLLERS, PHILIPPE. De Kooning, Vite II (Paris: Editions de la Difference, 1987), no. 14, ill.
HOBHOUSE, JANET. The Bride Stripped Bare: The Artist and the Nude in the Twentieth Century (London: Jonathan Cape, 1987), no. 216, ill. p. 242.
WALDMAN, DIANE. Willem de Kooning (New York: Harry N. Abrams with the National Museum of American Art, 1988), no. 61.
ATHEREN, ROBERT G. and MEDIA PROJECTS, INC. American Heritage Illustrated History of the United States, vol. 16: Decades of Cold War (New York: Choice, 1988), ill. p. 1368 [verso mistakenly illustrated].
LANDAU, ELLEN G. Jackson Pollock (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1989), p. 276, ill. p. 216.
MATHIEU, GEORGES. "Erklärung an die amerikanischen Avantgarde-Künstler," in Westkunst Zeitgenossische Kunst seit 1939 (Koln: DuMont Buchverlag): p. 121.
UNSIGNED. Advertisement for Willem de Kooning: from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection, Art Journal 52/4, (Winter 1993).
UNSIGNED. "Barcelona acogera la obra de Willem de Kooning," Navarra hoy (22 October 1993).
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection." [exhibition brochure] (Washington DC: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, 1993).
GUAY, HERVE. "Willem de Kooning ou l'art dans sa totalite," Le Devoir (27-28 November 1993): p. C12.
UNSIGNED. Notable New Books from Rizzoli, The New Criterion (December 1993).
LELYVELD, NITA. "Exhibition Marks Artist's 90th Year," [unknown source] (7 December 1993) B6.
CARNEGIE, M.D. "Insides Out," Washington City Paper (10 December 1993): p. 52.
CATEFORIS, DAVID. "Willem de Kooning," Art Journal 53/4 (Winter 1993): 86-89.
SANTOS-TORROELLA, RAFAEL. "De Kooning, en persona," ABC de las artes, p. 32.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning," El Guia 7 (February 1994): p. 19.
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning: Collecio Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC," (Barcelona: Centre Cultural de la Fundació "La Caixa," 1994), [page unknown].
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning, una figura clave del expressionismo abstracto," Panorama (February 1994), [page unknown].
SPIEGEL, OLGA. "Barcelona acoge la primera exposicion en Espana de Willem de Kooning," La Vanguardia (13 February 1994), p. 37.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning, pionero y lider del expresionismo abstracto," Panorama (March 1994), p. 3.
UNSIGNED. "El crepuscle dels tabus," El Temps (8 March 1994).
BARNATAN, MARCOS RICARDO. "A Brochazos: El holandes Willem de Kooning y sus cincuenta expresiones americanas," El Mundo (13 March 1994), p. 50.
COMBALIA, VICTORIA. "Vibrante De Kooning," El Pais (14 March 1994), p. 36.
MIRALEET, EDUARDO. "Esposiciones en Barcelona," La Bricha (8-17 April 1994), p. 7.
ANFAM, DAVID. "Washington and Barcelona: Willem de Kooning," Burlington Magazine (April 1994), pp. 69-70.
SCHIFF, BENNETT. "For de Kooning, Painting Has Been a Way of Living," Smithsonian 25/1 (April 1994), pp. 108-119.
DIXON, GLENN. "Art for Arts Sake," Washington City Paper (27 May 1994), p. 34.
UNSIGNED (R.B.). "De Kooning at Ninety," Art Newspaper 38 (May 1994), p. 8.
UNSIGNED. "Museum and Dealer Catalogues," Drawing 16/1 (May/June 1994), p. 17.
PAGNUCCO, LORELLA. "Fundacio 'la Caixa,'" Arte In (1994?), p. 40.
UNSIGNED. "Fundacio 'la Caixa,'" Epoca (1994?), p. 77.
UNSIGNED. "Fundacio 'la Caixa,'" La Vanguarduia Magazine (1994?), p. 63.
UNSIGNED. High Museum of Art: Calendar of Events (September 1994).
UNSIGNED. "De Kooning: A Retrospective in Atlanta," Ledger-Enquirer (2 September 1994), pp. B1, B3.
FOX, CATHERINE. "A Closer Look at Willem de Kooning," The Atlanta Journal (13 September 1994), p. C12.
JINKNER-LLOYD, AMY. "The Endurance of Beauty," Creative Loafing (17 September 1994), p. 29.
UNSIGNED. "Museums & Galleries: Power-packed de Kooning. Revered Ida Kohlmeyer. 'Local Sex, Love and Death' at Nexus," Atlanta (September 1994), p. 52.
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection," MFA exhibition announcement (1994).
SCHUTER, MARTY. "Abstract Expressionism," Savannah News/Press (9 October 1994), pp. 1F, 2F.
TEMIN, CHRISTINE. "Rediscovering de Kooning," The Boston Globe (9 December 1994), pp. 49, 59.
SHERMAN, MARY. "Women Dominate de Kooning show," The Boston Tab (3-9 January 1995?).
FINK, JOANNA. Review: Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Collection by Judith Zilczer, Art New England (December 1994-January 1995), pp. 9-10.
KUTNER, JANET. "Canvassing de Kooning's Lifetime of Art," The Dallas Morning News (9 April 1995), pp. 1C, 8C.
SYLVESTER, DAVID. "The Birth of 'Woman I,'" Burlington Magazine 137 (April 1995), pp. 220-232.
JOHNSON, PATRICIA. "Willem de Kooning: Abstract Women and Master Strokes Define MFA exhibit," Houston Chronicle (18 March 1995), pp. 1C, 8C.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Artist and Patron: The Formation of the Hirshhorn Museum's Willem de Kooning Collection," Journal of the History of Collections 8/1 (1996), pp. 117-125.
VOGEL, CAROL. "Inside Art," New York Times (4 October 1996), p. C.
UNSIGNED. "Abstract Expressionism: An American Revolution?," MFA Calendar (1997), p. 4.
ZILCZER, JUDITH K. "Willem de Kooning," in Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works of Art (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996), p. 79.
RICHARD, PAUL. "A Life's Strong Currents," Washington Post (20 March 1997), pp. B1, B4.
YARD, SALLY. Willem de Kooning (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1997), pp. 42, 45, 127.
GIBSON, ANN. Abstract Expressionism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997), p. 134.
TSUJIMOTO, KAREN AND JACQUELYNN BAAS. The Art of Joan Brown (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), p. 55.
MORRIS, CATHERINE. The Essential Willem de Kooning (Colorado Springs: Wonderland Press, 1999), p. 65.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Abstract Expressionism (First Generation), Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden (Washington, DC), 3rd Floor