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Seated Man, (c. 1939)

Willem de Kooning, American, b. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1904–1997

Oil and charcoal on canvas, 38 1/4 x 34 1/4 in. (97.1 x 86.9 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the artist through the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1972

Accession Number: 72.89

The artist, East Hampton, New York, c. 1939-30 December 1969
Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, New York, 30 December 1969-6 March 1972 (gift of the artist)
Gift of the artist through the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1972

Exhibition History:
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. The 1930s: Painting and Sculpture in America, 15 October-1 December 1968, no. 60, ill.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. The Golden Door: Artist-Immigrants of America, 1876-1976, 20 May-20 October 1976, no. 109, ill. p. 255
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. Willem de Kooning: Drawings, Paintings, Sculpture, 15 December 1983-26 February 1984, no. 139, ill. p. 138. TOUR: AKADEMIE DER KUNSTE, Berlin, 11 March-29 April 1984; MUSEE NATIONAL D'ART MODERNE, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 28 June-24 September, ill. p. 56.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection, 21 October 1993 - 9 January 1994, no. 1, P. 59; P. 197, 216; TOUR: FUNDACIO "LA CAIXA," CENTRE CULTURAL, Barcelona, 17 February -3 April 1994; HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, 13 September - 27 November 1994; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 10 December 1994 - 19 February 1995; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Houston, 19 March - 28 May 1995.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, Tokyo, Japan. "Visage: Painting and the Human Face in 20th Century Art," cat. no. 27, p. 67. TOUR: NATIONAL MUSEUM OF WESTERN ART, Tokyo, Japan, 12 January-13 February 2000; NATIONAL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, Kyoto, Japan, 22 February-20 March 2000.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "de Kooning: A Retrospective," 18 September 2011-9 January 2012, colorplate 13, p. 90; pp. 91-92.

Published References:
HESS, THOMAS B. Willem de Kooning (New York: Braziller, 1959), ill. 22
SIEGEL, JEANNE. "The 1930s: Painting and Sculpture in America," Arts
Magazine 43 (November 1968), p. 32
FRASNAY, DANIEL. The Artist's World (New York: Viking, 1969), p. 233,
ill. 7
ROSENBERG, HAROLD. The De-definition of Art (New York: Horizon, 1972), p. 186
O'DOHERTY, BRIAN. American Masters: The Voice and the Myth (New York: Random House, 1973), colorplate p. 140
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 681, fig. 501
GARSON, INEZ. Willem de Kooning in the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture
Garden (New York: Scala, 1974), no. 1
LADER, MELVIN P. "Graham, Gorky, de Kooning, and the `Ingres Revival'
in America," Arts Magazine 52 (March 1978), p. 98, ill. p. 96
HYAMS, BARRY. Hirshhorn Medici from Brooklyn (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1979), p. 109
YARD, SALLY E. "Willem de Kooning: The First Twenty-six Years in New
York--1927-1952," unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 1980, p. 62-69, fig. 67
YARD, SALLY. "Seated Man embodies tensions beyond the socio-economic," Helix 1/1 (1992): p. 3, 44, 45.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning: from the Hirshhorn Collection," American Art Review 5/5 (Fall 1993): 104-105.
GUAY, HERVE. "Willem de kooning ou l'art dans sa totalite," Le Devoir (27-28 November 1993): C12.
MCCABE, CONNIE. "The Art of Friendship," Departures (December 1993): p. 24.
UNSIGNED. "Artist Roy Lichtenstein turns 70; tributes to Willem de Kooning," The Philadelphia Inquirer ( 5 December 1993): p. H6.
CARNEGIE, M.D.. "Insides Out," The Washington City Paper (10 December 1993): p. 52.
SMITH, ROBERTA. "De Kooning's 90th Birthday nears and Hirshhorn leads the tribute," The New York TImes ( 14 December 1993): p. C19.
CATEFORIS, DAVID. "Willem de Kooning," Art Journal 53/4 (Winter 1994): p. 86-89.
A.G.. "Las Exposiciones," AD (1994): p. 25.
UNSIGNED. "Arte figurativo y abstracto," Guia del Ocio (11-17 February 1994): p. 37.
UNSIGNED. "L'expressionisme de Willem de Kooning," Avui Cap De Setmana (18 February 1994): 2.
EFE. "Cincuenta obras de Willem de Kooning se exponen en Barcelona," Diario de Jerez (18 February 1994): p. 43.
UNSIGNED. "Un excelso Willem de Kooning," Expansion (25 February 1994): p. 44.
REBOIRAS, RAMON. "El Holandes," Cambio 16 (Madrid) (28 February 1994).
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning," El Guia. Art de l'arc mediterraneen 7 (February 1994): p. 18, 24.
UNSIGNED. "Willem de Kooning: figura clave del expresionismo abstracto," Panorama (February 1994): p. 9
UNSIGNED. "Un joven de 90 anos," Epoca (8-14 March 1994): p. 76, 77.
SPIEGEL, OLGA. "Willem de Kooning," La Vanguardia Magazine (20 March 1994): p. 59-63.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Willem de Kooning, pionero y lider del expresionismo abstracto," Panorama (March 1994): p. 3.
ANFAM, DAVID. "Washington and Barcelona: Willem de Kooning," Burlington Magazine (April 1994): p. 69.
BALAGUAR, MENENE GRAS. "De Kooning y Kline, revisitados," REKarte (May 1994): p. 24-25.
UNSIGNED. Museum and Dealer Catalogues, Drawing 16/1 (May-June 1994): p. 17-18.
FOX, CATHERINE. "A closer look at Willem de Kooning," The Atlanta Journal ( 13 September 1994): p. C12.
JINKNER-LLOYD, AMY. "The Endurance of Beauty," Creative Loafing (17 September 1994): p. 29.
FAIRBROTHER, TREVOR. "Willem de Kooning: The Hirshhorn Museum Collection," Preview, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (November, December 1994): p. 5.
SILVER, JOANNE. "Visual Arts: a journey in paint," Boston Herald (16 December 1994): p. S02.
JOHNSON, PATRICIA. "Willem de Kooning: abstract women and master strokes define MFA exhibit," Houston Chronicle (18 MArch 1995): p. 1C, 8C.
KUTNER, JANET. "Canvasing de Kooning's lifetime of art," The Dallas Morning News (9 April 1995): 1C, 8C.
KALIL, SUSIE. "Defining De Kooning," Houston Press (20-26 April 1995): p. 4.
GARRELS, GARY and ELISE S. HAAS. Willem de Kooning: The Late Paintings, the 1980's (San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 1995): p. 22.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Artist and Patron: the formation of the Hirshhorn Museum's Willem de Kooning collection," Journal of the History of Collections 8/1 (1996): 117-125.
ARTNER, ALAN. "The last master," Chicago Tribune (6 April 1997): p. 5.
YARD, SALLY. Willem de Kooning (New York: Rizzoli, 1997): figure 8, p. 17; p. 126.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Abstract Expressionism (First Generation)