(1918-1919, carved 1919-1923)

Elie Nadelman, American, b. Warsaw, Poland, 1882–1946

Cherry wood, gesso, paint, and graphite, 32 1/2 × 9 1/4 × 13 1/2 in. (82.6 × 23.5 × 34.3 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.3770

Estate of the Artist, New York, from 1946
Edwin Hewitt Gallery, New York, by November 1951-28 September 1956
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 28 September 1956-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
EDWIN HEWITT GALLERY, New York. "Wood Sculpture by Elie Nadelman," 28 November-22 December 1951, n.p., no. 3.
DETROIT INSTITUTE OF ARTS. "Sculpture in Our Time: Collected by Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 5 May-23 August 1959, no. 185, ill. p. 83.
ROBERT ISAACSON GALLERY, New York. "Elie Nadelman," 18 October-19 November 1960, no. 17.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962-6 January 1963, no. 340, ill. p. 165 (detail).
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "The Decade of the Armory Show," 27 February-14 April 1963, no. 67 (did not tour).
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "The Sculpture and Drawings of Elie Nadelman," 23 September-30 November 1975, no. 66, ill. p. 73. Tour: HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, 18 December-15 February 1976.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "The Golden Door: Artist-Immigrants of America, 1876-1976," 20 May-20 October 1976, no. 58, ill. p. 187.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York [organizer]. "Elie Nadelman: Classical Folk." Tour: MCNAY ART MUSEUM, San Antonio, 8 June-2 September 2001; FRICK ART MUSEUM, Pittsburgh, 21 September-16 December.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Elie Nadelman: Sculptor of Modern Life," 3 April-20 July 2003, cat.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC. “Outliers and Vanguard American Art,” 28 January-13 May 2018. Tour: HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, 24 June-30 September; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, 18 November-18 March 2019.

Published References:
MURELL, WILLIAM. Elie Nadelman (Woodstock, New York: Fisher, 1923), no. 6, colorpl.
KIRSTEIN, LINCOLN. "Elie Nadelman: 1882-1946," Harper's Bazaar 82 (August 1948), ill. p. 134.
SAWIN, MARTICA. "In the Galleries: Elie Nadelman," Arts Magazine 35 (December 1960), p. 53.
RUDIKOFF, SONYA. "New York Letter," Art International 6 (November 1962), p. 62.
HUNTER, SAM. American Art of the Twentieth Century (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1972), no. 159, ill. p. 91.
KIRSTEIN, LINCOLN. Elie Nadelman (New York: Eakins Press, 1973), no. 122, p. 298.
LERNER, ABRAM, et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), p. 728, colorpl. 370.
LYNES, RUSSELL. "Modern Art Arrives on the Mall in a New Museum and Sculpture Garden," Smithsonian 5 (December 1974), p. 42, colorpl.
UNSIGNED. "Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," Smithsonian Year 1974 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1974), p. 158, ill.
KUH, KATHERINE. "Elie Nadelman Rediscovered," Saturday Review (29 November 1975), p. 36, ill.
LIPMAN, JEAN. Provocative Parallels (New York: Dutton, 1975), p. 36, ill. 30.
BOURDON, DAVID. "The Sleek, Witty and Elegant Art of Elie Nadelman," Smithsonian 6 (January 1976), p. 87, colorpl.
TAYLOR, JOSHUA C. The Fine Arts in America (University of Chicago Press, 1979), p. 189, ill.
UNSIGNED. In Her Own Image: The Smithsonian Engagement Calendar for 1981 (Universe, 1980), ill.
BANTA, MARTHA. Imaging American Women Idea and Ideals in Cultural History (New York: Columbus University Press, 1987), ill. p. 389.
NADELMAN, CYNTHIA. "The Shocking Blue Hair of Elie Nadelman," American Heritage 40/2 (March 1989), ill. p. 86.
BRAM, LEON L. and NORMA H. DICKEY. Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia, vol. 27 (New York: PAR/NYC, 1990), ill. p. 384.
GIBSON, ERIC. "Museum pursues new look," Washington Times (20 December 1992).
LERNER, ABRAM. "A Recollection," Archives of American Art Journal 33/4 (1993), ill. p. 9.
LIEBSON, MILT. Direct Wood Sculpture (PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2001), ill. p. 98.
FLETCHER, VALERIE J. "Elie Nadelman: Art and Craft in Context," ill. 10-11, p. 82.

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