Dogfight Over the Trenches

(c, 1939)

Horace Pippin, American, b. West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1888–1946

Oil on canvas, 18 x 33 1/8 in. (45.6 x 84.2 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.4071

Robert Carlen Galleries, Philadelphia [see undated Price List, Robert Carlen Papers, Archives of American Art]
David Ellinger, Trappe, Pennsylvania, until November 1947 [see unpublished "Chronological and Complete Catalogue" of Pippin's Work, Robert Carlen Papers, Archives of American Art, Part I, no. 14 and letter from Nancy Little, M. Knoedler & Co., September 15, 1976]*
M. Knoedler & Co., New York, November 1947 to 27 February 1957
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 27 February 1957-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
*Photocopies of documents from Robert Carlen Papers in Collection Archive (JZ, 2/2/2001)

Exhibition History:
CARLEN GALLERIES, Philadelphia. "Horace Pippin Exhibition," 29 January-18 February 1940, no. 11.
BIGNOU GALLERY, New York. "Paintings by Horace Pippin," 30 September-12 October 1940, no. 12.
PHILADELPHIA ART ALLIANCE. "Horace Pippin Memorial Exhibition," 8 April-4 May 1947, no. 8 [lent by David Y. Ellinger, Trappe, PA].
[M. KNOEDLER & CO., New York. "Memorial Exhibition: Horace Pippin, 1888-1946," 29 September-11 October 1947]. (not verified)
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York [organizer]. "Seventeen Naive Painters." Tour: CHARLES AND EMMA FRYE ART MUSEUM, Seattle, 4-27 March 1966; TENNESSEE FINE ARTS CENTER, Nashville, 10 May-5 June; UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA, 25 July-15 August; SAN FRANCISCO STATE COLLEGE, 6-27 September; BATES COLLEGE, Lewiston, Maine, 5-26 January 1967; WELLS COLLEGE, Aurora, New York, 10 February-4 March; MANATEE JUNIOR COLLEGE, Brandenton, Florida, 24 March-16 April.
HUB GALLERY, Pennsylvania State University, University Park. "Two Pennsylvania Artists: Henry O. Tanner and Horace Pippin," 13 April-10 May 1980, no. 3.
READING PUBLIC MUSEUM, Pennsylvania. "All the Art in Me: In Search of Horace Pippin," 1 February-20 April 2003.
BRANDYWINE RIVER MUSEUM OF ART, Chaddsford, Pennsylvania. "Horace Pippin: The Way I See It," 25 April-19 July 2015, no. 8, color ill. front cover, pg. 97
PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS, Philadelphia. "World War I and American Art," 4 November 2016-9 April 2017, colorpl. 86, p. 223. Tour: NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 26 May-3 September; FRIST CENTER FOR THE VISUAL ARTS, Nashville, 6 October-21 January 2018.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC. “Outliers and Vanguard American Art,” 28 January 2018-13 May 2018. Tour: HIGH MUSEUM OF ART, Atlanta, 24 June 2018-30 September 2018; LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, Los Angeles, 18 November 2018-18 March 2019.

Published References:
RODMAN, SELDON. Horace Pippin, A Negro Painter in America (New York: Quadrangle, 1947), p. 82, no. 13.
LYONS, MARY E. Starting Home: The Story of Horace Pippin, Painter (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993?), ill.
STEIN, JUDITH, et al. I Tell My Heart: The Art of Horace Pippin (Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, 1993), no. 34, p. 62.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, Outsider Art

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