Carmine Theater


John Sloan, American, b. Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, 1871–1951

Oil on canvas, 26 1/8 X 32 IN. (66.1 X 81.2 CM.)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Accession Number: 66.4616

C. W. Kraushaar Galleries, New York
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Hackett, New York, by 1952
Lawrence A. Fleischman, Detroit, by 1953
Kraushaar Galleries, New York, to 7 September 1954
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 7 September 1954-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966

Exhibition History:
PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS, Philadelphia. One Hundred and Eight Annual Exhibition, 9 February-30 March 1913, no. 325.
WHITNEY STUDIO, New York. The Work of John Sloan, 25 January-6 February 1916, no. 21.
C.W. KRAUSHAAR GALLERIES, New York. Paintings, Drawings, Lithographs and Etchings by John Sloan, 15 February-5 March 1927, no. 12.
MONTROSS GALLERY, New York. Paintings and Etchings by John Sloan, January 1934, no. 28.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. John Sloan Retrospective, 10 January-2 March 1952, no. 28. TOUR: CORCORAN GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC, 15 March-10 April 1952; TOLEDO MUSEUM OF ART, 4 May-8 June 1952.
MUSEUM OF ART, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Fleischman Collection of American Paintings, 15 November-6 December 1953, no. 33.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF CANADA, Ottawa. "Some American Paintings from the Collection of Joseph H. Hirshhorn," 10-31 January 1957, no. 72, ill. TOUR: MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 20-31 March; ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 12 April-26 May; STRATFORD ARENA, Ontario, 1 July-31 August; WINNIPEG ART GALLERY, Manitoba, 6 October-3 November.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. The Museum and its Friends: A Loan Exhibition, 30 April-15 June 1958, no. 154.
WILMINGTON SOCIETY OF THE FINE ARTS, Delaware Art Center. The Life and Times of John Sloan, 22 September-29 October 1961, no. 15. TOUR: PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS, Philadelphia, 17 November-23 December 1961.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF ARTS, New York (organizer). "Paintings from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation Collection: A View of the Protean Century," no. 65. TOUR: M. KNOEDLER & CO., New York, 31 October-24 November 1962; CURRIER GALLERY OF ART, Manchester, New Hampshire, 16 December-12 January 1963; CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh, 30 January-26 February; EVANSVILLE MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, Indiana, 16 March-12 April; MUNSON-WILLIAMS-PROCTOR INSTITUTE, Utica, New York, 30 April-27 May; J.B. SPEED ART MUSEUM, Louisville, Kentucky, 13 June-10 July; THE MINNEAPOLIS INSTITUTE OF ARTS, 30 July-25 August; SAETTLE ART MUSEUM, 11 September-8 October; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 26 October-23 November; COLORADO SPRINGS FINE ARTS CENTER, Colorado, 11 December-7 January 1964; DALLAS MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 26 January-23 February; OKLAHOMA ART CENTER, Oklahoma City, 12 March-8 April; BROOKS MEMORIAL ART GALLERY, Memphis, 25 April-23 May; ATLANTA ART ASSOCIATION, Georgia, 10 June-7 July; SAGINAW ART MUSEUM, Michigan, 25 July-22 August; MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 8 September-6 October; ALLENTOWN ART MUSEUM, Pennsylvania, 24 October-21 November; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 9 December-10 January 1965; BROOKLYN MUSEUM, New York, 8 February-5 April.
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington, DC. John Sloan Centennial Exhibition, 18 September-31 October 1971, no. 73, ill. p. 117. TOUR: GEORGIA MUSEUM OF ART, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 20 November-16 January 1972; M.H. DE YOUNG MEMORIAL MUSEUM, San Francisco, 15 February-2 April 1972; CITY ART MUSEUM, St. Louis, MO, 4 May-18 June 1972.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, ill. 229, p. 746-47.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "The Eight" and the Independent Tradition in American Art, 13 January-15 March 1983, checklist no. 12. TOUR: TERRA MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, Evanston, Illinois, retitled as "Early Rebels in American Art (The Eight)," 1 April-8 May, no. 10, ill. cover.
DELWARE MUSEUM OF ART, Wilmington. John Sloan: Spectator of Life, 15 July-4 September 1988, ill. p. 94. TOUR: IBM GALLERY OF SCIENCE AND ART, New York, 25 April-18 June 1988; COLUMBUS MUSEUM OF ART, Ohio, 17 September-6 November 1988; AMON CARTER MUSEUM, Fort Worth, 20 November 1988-1 January 1989.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York, 1897-1917, 17 November 1995-17 March 1996, fig. 183, p. 169.
SMITHSONIAN AMERICAN ART MUSEUM, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Grand re-opening exhibition, 1 July 2006-4 July 2007.
DELAWARE ART MUSEUM, Wilmington. John Sloan's New York, 20 October 2007-20 January 2008, fig. 64, pp. 82-83. TOUR: Westmoreland Museum of American Art, Greensburg, Pennsylvania, 10 February-27 April; DAVID AND ALFRED SMART MUSEUM OF ART, University of Chicago, 22 May-14 September; REYNOLDA HOUSE MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 4 October-4 January 2009.
MUSEO THYSSEN-BORNEMISZA, Madrid. "Hopper," 12 June-16 September 2012, no. 57, color ill. p. 120.

Published References:
UNSIGNED. "Mrs. Whitney Shows Art of John Sloan," New York Herald (26 January 1916).
UNSIGNED. "Current News of Art," The Sun (30 January 1916).
SLOAN, JOHN. Gist of Art (New York: American Artists Group, 1939) ill. 230.
ST. JOHN, BRUCE ed. John Sloan's New York Scene (New York: Harper & Row, 1965) p. 597, 598, 635.
HOLCOMB, GRANT III. A Checklist for John Sloan's Paintings (Lock Haven, PA: Annie Halenbake Ross Library, 1970) p. 5.
HOLCOMB, GRANT III. "A Catalogue Raisonne of the Paintings of John Sloan, 1900-1913," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 1972, cat. no. 154, p. 488-490.
LERNER, ABRAM ed. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974) p. 746-47, fig. 229.
SCOTT, DAVID W. John Sloan (New York: Watson Gupthill, 1975) ill. p. 105.
ZILCZER, JUDITH. "Anti-Realism and the Ashcan School," Artforum (March 1979) ill. p. 44.
FORGEY, BENJAMIN. "At the Hirshhorn a Fresh Look at the Realists' View of American Life," Washington Post (13 January 1983) p. D1.
PARK, EDWARDS. Treasures from the Smithsonian (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1983) ill.
ELZEA, ROWLAND. John Sloan's Oil Paintings: A Catalogue Raisonne Part One (Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 1991) no. 189, p. 114-15.
UNSIGNED. "New York Pictures: The Ashcan Artists," Antiques & Auction News (2 February 1996) p. 24.
BOLZ, DIANE M. "The Ashcan artists take on New York," Smithsonian Magazine (February 1996) p. 28.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works of Art (Washington D.C.: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, 1996) p. 25.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, American Realism (Ashcan School)

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