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Mobile (Motorized Mobile), (1931)

Alexander Calder, American, b. Lawnton, Pennsylvania, 1898–1976

Wood, paint, wire, sheet metal, and string (original motor lost; replaced by hand-crank), 23 1/4 × 24 3/4 × 7 1/4 in. (59.1 × 62.9 × 18.4 cm)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Accession Number: 66.786

Provenance:
[Private Collection]
William N. Copley, New York
Harold Diamond, New York, to 4 June 1964
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 4 June 1964-17 May 1966
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966

Exhibition History:
GALERIE VIGNON, Paris. "Alexander Calder," 1932.
SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, New York. "Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition," 5 November 1964-31 January 1965, no. 127.
MUSEE NATIONAL D'ART MODERNE, Paris. "Calder," July-October 1965, no. 35.
M. KNOEDLER, New York. "Space and Dream," 5-29 December 1967, ill. p. 34.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "The Machine As Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age," 25 November 1968-9 February 1969, p. 149, ill.
WADSWORTH ATHENEUM, Hartford, Connecticut. "Calder in Connecticut," 27 April-6 August 2000.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Ways of Seeing: John Baldessari Explores the Collection," 26 July 2006-23 September 2007, no cat.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, New York. "Alexander Calder: The Paris Years," 16 October 2008-15 February 2009.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Over, Under, Next: Experiments in Mixed Media, 1913-Present," 18 April-8 September 2013, no cat.
KUNSTSAMMLUNG NORDRHEIN-WESTFALEN, Dusseldorf. “Alexander Calder: The Avant-Garde in Motion,” 7 September 2013-26 January 2014.

Published References:
ARNASON, H. H. Calder (New Jersey: Princeton Press, 1966), p. 42.
CALDER, ALEXANDER. Calder: An Autobiography with Pictures (New York: Pantheon Books, 1966), pp. 126-127.
GOLDWATER, ROBERT. Space and Dream (New York: Walker Press, 1967), ill. p. 34.
BRETT, GUY. Kinetic Art (New York: Reinhold Books, 1968), p. 20, ill.
SELZ, PETER. Art in Our Times: A Pictorial History 1890-1980 (New York: Abrams, 1981), no. 784, ill. p. 299.
UNSIGNED. Calder: Mostra Retrospettiva (Alexander Calder Retrospective), (Torino: Palazzo a Vela, 25 June-25 September, 1983), ill. p. 27 (in cat., not in exhibition)
LIEBMANN, LISA. "Sun Rising in Calder," Artforum 25 (November 1986), ill. p. 122.
MARTER, JOAN M. Alexander Calder (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), ill. p. 116.

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection, American Abstraction (Mid-Century)