Three finished weavings are displayed. One is white with red, purple, yellow, and orange. The ends of the weft (horizontal strips of material) are loose and fluffy. The second is navy blue with red, orange, purple, and blue. It has a silver ribbon woven through the left side. The third weaving is made with smaller yarn. It is mostly beige with a touch of navy. A shimmery yarn has been woven back and forth on the surface of the weaving to mimic the weaving by Anni Albers below.

Create a woven artwork with scrap fabric inspired by Anni Albers.

We want to see your creations! Share on social media @hirshhorn with #HirshhornInsideOut.

Time: 45-60 minutes
Skill Level: Advanced
Topic: Structures


An intricate weaving of black, red, and white.

Anni Albers, Under Way, 1963. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981.

Talk together. What do you see? Let your eye wander around the artwork. Describe colors, lines, and patterns.

An up-close image reveals intentional gaps in the weaving.

Detail of Anni Albers, Under Way, 1963. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981.

Get a closer look. Look at this detail image. How do you think the artist made this? Describe details you notice that help reveal how this was made.

This artwork is called Under Way. Artist Anni Albers made it by weaving yarn together on a loom. Have you ever seen a loom before? Look up a picture of a floor loom. How do you think it works? Watch this video to find out!

Anni Albers (1899–1994) was an American artist and craftsperson. Born in Germany, she loved art from a very young age. She studied painting as a teenager and decided to attend art school. She attended a famous German art school, the Bauhaus, and established herself as an authority on weaving. Many people at that time viewed weaving as a craft—not a fine art form like painting or sculpture—but Albers was determined to change their minds! She pioneered geometric fabric designs and elevated her weaving to fine art. After completing her degree, Albers and her husband—fellow artist Josef Albers—left Germany in 1933 to teach art at Black Mountain College in North Carolina. Albers experimented with weaving complex geometric patterns, developed Modernist weaving theory, and wrote the book On Weaving, which helped establish design as a field of study. She was the first design artist to have a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.



In this project, you’ll explore creating texture and patterns with woven materials. Create your own experimental woven artwork using a loom.

What is weaving? Weaving is the act of making a piece of cloth. Weavers typically operate alternating materials in two directions, creating the warp and the weft of a woven fabric. The warp yarns run vertically, or up and down, on the loom. The weft is the material that moves horizontally, back and forth across the warp, moving over and under it to create rhythmic patterns.

Anni Albers said, “We sat there and simply tried things out.” Artists at the Bauhaus school experimented and worked together. Make a woven artwork on your own, or do your own experiment with a friend!

Step 1: Gather materials.

  • You’ll need a loom. If you don’t have one, make your own cardboard loom.
  • You’ll also need scissors, yarn, and scrap fabric or old clothes for weaving.

orange, red, purple, and blue cloth; scissors; cardboard; and yarn.

Step 2: Create the warp

  • Make a double knot near one end of your yarn.
  • Tuck the yarn into the top right notch on the loom, on the back side. Then, guide the yarn to the bottom of the loom, and slide into the slit on the other side of the loom below where you started.
  • Hook the yarn around the back of the loom to the next slit.

Back of cardboard loom. There is a string with a knot in the top right corner. The string goes up and down the loom, creating the warp—the vertical yarns—that will be woven.

Step 3: Prepare Fabric Strips
Cut strips of fabrics in varying widths to serve as the weft. They should be long enough to go horizontally across the loom.

Fabric strips, scissors, and a loom with yarn added for weaving.

Step 4: You’re ready to weave!
Weaving is all about patterns. The pattern featured here is “over, under.” Once you master this pattern, explore the possibilities by making your own pattern variation.

  • Select a strip of fabric to be your first weft
  • Start by placing the fabric, your weft, over the first string, then under the next, then over again. Continue the over, under pattern all the way across the loom to make your first row.
  • Select another strip of fabric for your second row. This time, you’ll do the same actions in the opposite order: Place your fabric strip under the first string. Pull it over the second string, then under, then over again. Keep following the under, over pattern all the way across the loom.
  • Repeat the pattern for the entire length of the loom.

Weaving is halfway finished. Brightly colored weft—the horizontal yarns—follow the over and under pattern.

In Under Way, Albers added red and white fibers that wander back and forth across the artwork. Find a ribbon, yarn, or other material and use your fingers to add it to the surface of your weaving. We used a silver ribbon on our artwork.

Step 5: Finish it!
1. Remove the weaving from the loom.
2. Tie the two loose ends of the string together (one with the knot and the other at the end).

Orange, purple, and red weaving has long, playful wefts. There is a shiny silver ribbon added after weaving that goes back and forth from top to bottom.

Want to do more with your weaving? Turn it into a pouch you can use!

  1. You’ll need scissors, a long piece of yarn, and a large needle
    a ball of red yarn, tapestry needle, and scissors are on a table next to a white and navy weaving
  2. Thread your needle and fold your weaving to the size you want your pouch pocket to be. You might want to leave some extra fabric at the top to create a flap for the pouch.
    A long piece of red yarn is threaded through the needle. The weaving is placed vertically with the bottom ⅓ folded up.
  3. Tie the end of your string to the inside of the weaving where it will crease when folded to the size you want it to be.the end of the red string is tied to the fold of the pouch.
  4. Fold your weaving to the size you selected, and begin to sew from the bottom to the top. Carry your string across the top of the folded part of the weaving and then stitch down the other side. 
    The weaving is being sewn into a pouch. The red stitching goes up to close the open side of the fold on the pouch. The needle is placed partially through the edge of the layers being sewn together.
  5. Finish your pouch! When you reach the bottom, tie a knot and cut your string. Get creative and decorate! Look around your house for odds and ends like buttons or pipe cleaners to use as a finishing touch.
    The pouch has been sewn on both sides and is displayed on a table with the top flap closed.

We want to see your creations! Share on social media @hirshhorn with #HirshhornInsideOut.